Merck

Global Ca2+ signaling drives ribbon-independent synaptic transmission at rod bipolar cell synapses.

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience (2014-05-03)
Bhupesh Mehta, Jiang-Bin Ke, Lei Zhang, Alexander D Baden, Alexander L Markowitz, Subhashree Nayak, Kevin L Briggman, David Zenisek, Joshua H Singer
RESUMEN

Ribbon-type presynaptic active zones are a hallmark of excitatory retinal synapses, and the ribbon organelle is thought to serve as the organizing point of the presynaptic active zone. Imaging of exocytosis from isolated retinal neurons, however, has revealed ectopic release (i.e., release away from ribbons) in significant quantities. Here, we demonstrate in an in vitro mouse retinal slice preparation that ribbon-independent release from rod bipolar cells activates postsynaptic AMPARs on AII amacrine cells. This form of release appears to draw on a unique, ribbon-independent, vesicle pool. Experimental, anatomical, and computational analyses indicate that it is elicited by a significant, global elevation of intraterminal [Ca(2+)] arising following local buffer saturation. Our observations support the conclusion that ribbon-independent release provides a read-out of the average behavior of all of the active zones in a rod bipolar cell's terminal.

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