Merck

AMPK activation by glucagon-like peptide-1 prevents NADPH oxidase activation induced by hyperglycemia in adult cardiomyocytes.

American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology (2014-08-17)
Magali Balteau, Anne Van Steenbergen, Aurélie D Timmermans, Chantal Dessy, Gaetane Behets-Wydemans, Nicolas Tajeddine, Diego Castanares-Zapatero, Patrick Gilon, Jean-Louis Vanoverschelde, Sandrine Horman, Louis Hue, Luc Bertrand, Christophe Beauloye
RESUMEN

Exposure of cardiomyocytes to high glucose concentrations (HG) stimulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by NADPH oxidase (NOX2). NOX2 activation is triggered by enhanced glucose transport through a sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) but not by a stimulation of glucose metabolism. The aim of this work was to identify potential therapeutic approaches to counteract this glucotoxicity. In cultured adult rat cardiomyocytes incubated with 21 mM glucose (HG), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation by A769662 or phenformin nearly suppressed ROS production. Interestingly, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), a new antidiabetic drug, concomitantly induced AMPK activation and prevented the HG-mediated ROS production (maximal effect at 100 nM). α2-AMPK, the major isoform expressed in cardiomyocytes (but not α1-AMPK), was activated in response to GLP-1. Anti-ROS properties of AMPK activators were not related to changes in glucose uptake or glycolysis. Using in situ proximity ligation assay, we demonstrated that AMPK activation prevented the HG-induced p47phox translocation to caveolae, whatever the AMPK activators used. NOX2 activation by either α-methyl-d-glucopyranoside, a glucose analog transported through SGLT, or angiotensin II was also counteracted by GLP-1. The crucial role of AMPK in limiting HG-mediated NOX2 activation was demonstrated by overexpressing a constitutively active form of α2-AMPK using adenoviral infection. This overexpression prevented NOX2 activation in response to HG, whereas GLP-1 lost its protective action in α2-AMPK-deficient mouse cardiomyocytes. Under HG, the GLP-1/AMPK pathway inhibited PKC-β2 phosphorylation, a key element mediating p47phox translocation. In conclusion, GLP-1 induces α2-AMPK activation and blocks HG-induced p47phox translocation to the plasma membrane, thereby preventing glucotoxicity.

MATERIALES
Referencia del producto
Marca
Descripción del producto

Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Glucose, ACS reagent
Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Glucose, BioXtra, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Glucose, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Glucose, Hybri-Max, powder, BioReagent, suitable for hybridoma
Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Glucose, suitable for mouse embryo cell culture, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Glucose, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture, ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
D-Glucose-12C6, 16O6, 99.9 atom % 16O, 99.9 atom % 12C
Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Glucose, tested according to Ph. Eur.
Sigma-Aldrich
D-(+)-Glucose, BioUltra, anhydrous, ≥99.5% (sum of enantiomers, HPLC)
Supelco
D-(+)-Glucose, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Dextrose, meets EP, BP, JP, USP testing specifications, anhydrous
Supelco
Dextrose, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
USP
Dextrose, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard