Merck

The hydroboration reaction as a key for a straightforward synthesis of new MRI-NCT agents.

Organic & biomolecular chemistry (2015-02-04)
Paolo Boggio, Antonio Toppino, Simonetta Geninatti Crich, Diego Alberti, Domenica Marabello, Claudio Medana, Cristina Prandi, Paolo Venturello, Silvio Aime, Annamaria Deagostino
RESUMEN

In this study the hydroboration reaction has been exploited to produce in only four steps a new lipophilic GdBNCT/MRI agent (PB01). As a matter of fact, the formation of a new B–C bond to link the decaborane with the lipophilic moiety greatly simplifies the synthesis of PB01 with respect to the previously reported dual agents. The complexes obtained (PB01a and PB01b) have been fully characterised from the relaxometric point of view and, after disaggregation with HPβCD, both isomers display high affinity for low density lipoproteins (LDLs) that can be exploited as specific carriers of these therapeutic and diagnostic agents for tumour cells. The LDL loading capacity is different for the two isomers. In fact, LDL can be loaded with 75 and 300 units of PB01a and PB01b, respectively, and for this reason, the isomer PB01b results to be the best candidate to perform MRI guided BNCT.

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