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Dissecting the dynamic changes of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in T-cell development and differentiation.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2014-07-30)
Ageliki Tsagaratou, Tarmo Äijö, Chan-Wang J Lio, Xiaojing Yue, Yun Huang, Steven E Jacobsen, Harri Lähdesmäki, Anjana Rao
ABSTRACT

The discovery of Ten Eleven Translocation proteins, enzymes that oxidize 5-methylcytosine (5mC) in DNA, has revealed novel mechanisms for the regulation of DNA methylation. We have mapped 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) at different stages of T-cell development in the thymus and T-cell differentiation in the periphery. We show that 5hmC is enriched in the gene body of highly expressed genes at all developmental stages and that its presence correlates positively with gene expression. Further emphasizing the connection with gene expression, we find that 5hmC is enriched in active thymus-specific enhancers and that genes encoding key transcriptional regulators display high intragenic 5hmC levels in precursor cells at those developmental stages where they exert a positive effect. Our data constitute a valuable resource that will facilitate detailed analysis of the role of 5hmC in T-cell development and differentiation.

MATERIALS
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