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  • Ragulator is a GEF for the rag GTPases that signal amino acid levels to mTORC1.

Ragulator is a GEF for the rag GTPases that signal amino acid levels to mTORC1.

Cell (2012-09-18)
Liron Bar-Peled, Lawrence D Schweitzer, Roberto Zoncu, David M Sabatini
ABSTRACT

The mTOR Complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway regulates cell growth in response to numerous cues, including amino acids, which promote mTORC1 translocation to the lysosomal surface, its site of activation. The heterodimeric RagA/B-RagC/D GTPases, the Ragulator complex that tethers the Rags to the lysosome, and the v-ATPase form a signaling system that is necessary for amino acid sensing by mTORC1. Amino acids stimulate the binding of guanosine triphosphate to RagA and RagB but the factors that regulate Rag nucleotide loading are unknown. Here, we identify HBXIP and C7orf59 as two additional Ragulator components that are required for mTORC1 activation by amino acids. The expanded Ragulator has nucleotide exchange activity toward RagA and RagB and interacts with the Rag heterodimers in an amino acid- and v-ATPase-dependent fashion. Thus, we provide mechanistic insight into how mTORC1 senses amino acids by identifying Ragulator as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the Rag GTPases.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-LAMTOR3 antibody produced in rabbit, Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-LAMTOR4 antibody produced in rabbit, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution