IL-35 is the most recently identified member of the IL-12 family. It consists of EBV-induced gene 3 (EBI3) and IL-12α chain p35. We investigated whether IL-35 enhances the in vitro immunosuppressive function of peripheral blood isolated from patients with RA. Peripheral blood was harvested from 17 active and 10 inactive RA patients and IL-35 concentrations were quantified using an ELISA. An expression vector containing IL-35 with a FLAG tag at the carboxyl-terminus was constructed by covalently linking EBI3 and IL-12α (p35). The function of IL-35 was then evaluated in a suppression assay using T cells isolated from human RA patients with CD2, CD3 and CD28 antibodies. Serum IL-35 levels and the number of Treg were decreased significantly in patients with active RA. There was a significant correlation between serum IL-35 and the 28-joint DAS with ESR (DAS28-ESR) in patients with active RA. IL-35 treatment enhanced the regulatory function, suppressing the levels of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-17 and IFN-γ and the cellular growth of effector T cells stimulated by conjugation with CD2, CD3 and CD28. These data revealed that IL-35 might suppress T cell activation during the peripheral immune responses of RA. Therefore our data suggest that IL-35 might have multiple therapeutic targets.
Somos un proveedor líder para la industria de Ciencias de la Vida con soluciones y servicios para investigación, desarrollo y producción biotecnológicos, y para desarrollo y producción de tratamientos farmacéuticos