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Effects of trichlorotelluro-dypnones on mitochondrial bioenergetics and their relationship to the reactivity with protein thiols.

Chemical research in toxicology (2015-04-29)
César H Yokomizo, Felipe S Pessoto, Tatiana Prieto, Rodrigo L O R Cunha, Iseli L Nantes
ABSTRACT

The effect of four trichlorotelluro-dypnones, named compounds 1, 2, 3, and 4, on the bioenergetics of isolated rat liver mitochondria (RLM) and cells was investigated. In a dose-dependent manner, the studied organotelluranes promoted Ca(2+)-dependent mitochondrial swelling inhibited by cyclosporine A and were associated with a decrease of the total mitochondrial protein thiol content. These effects characterize the opening of the classical mitochondrial permeability transition pore. Despite the reactivity with mitochondrial protein thiol groups, these compounds did not promote significant glutathione depletion. In the absence of Ca(2+), the organotelluranes promoted mitochondrial loss of ΔΨ in RLM concomitant with respiratory control decrease due to an increase of the state 4 respiration rate. In these conditions, mitochondrial swelling was absent, and thiol content was higher than that in the presence of Ca(2+). The differentiated effects observed in the presence and absence of Ca(2+) are probably related to the effects of that ion on membrane structure, with repercussions for the exposure of specific reactive protein thiol groups. In smooth muscle cells, these compounds promoted the loss of mitochondrial ΔΨ and apoptosis. The loss of ΔΨ was not preceded by a decrease of cell viability that is consistent with mitochondria as the primary targets for the action of these organotelluranes.

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