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Differences in Hematopoietic Stem Cells Contribute to Sexually Dimorphic Inflammatory Responses to High Fat Diet-induced Obesity.

The Journal of biological chemistry (2015-04-15)
Kanakadurga Singer, Nidhi Maley, Taleen Mergian, Jennifer DelProposto, Kae Won Cho, Brian F Zamarron, Gabriel Martinez-Santibanez, Lynn Geletka, Lindsey Muir, Phillip Wachowiak, Chaghig Demirjian, Carey N Lumeng
RESUMEN

Women of reproductive age are protected from metabolic disease relative to postmenopausal women and men. Most preclinical rodent studies are skewed toward the use of male mice to study obesity-induced metabolic dysfunction because of a similar protection observed in female mice. How sex differences in obesity-induced inflammatory responses contribute to these observations is unknown. We have compared and contrasted the effects of high fat diet-induced obesity on glucose metabolism and leukocyte activation in multiple depots in male and female C57Bl/6 mice. With both short term and long term high fat diet, male mice demonstrated increased weight gain and CD11c(+) adipose tissue macrophage content compared with female mice despite similar degrees of adipocyte hypertrophy. Competitive bone marrow transplant studies demonstrated that obesity induced a preferential contribution of male hematopoietic cells to circulating leukocytes and adipose tissue macrophages compared with female cells independent of the sex of the recipient. Sex differences in macrophage and hematopoietic cell in vitro activation in response to obesogenic cues were observed to explain these results. In summary, this report demonstrates that male and female leukocytes and hematopoietic stem cells have cell-autonomous differences in their response to obesity that contribute to an amplified response in males compared with females.

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Palmitic acid, BioXtra, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Palmitic acid, ≥99%
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Palmitic acid, ≥98% palmitic acid basis (GC)
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Palmitic acid, ≥95%, FCC, FG
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Palmitic acid, natural, 98%, FG