The Rab-binding Profiles of Bacterial Virulence Factors during Infection.

The Journal of biological chemistry (2016-01-13)
Ernest C So, Gunnar N Schroeder, Danielle Carson, Corinna Mattheis, Aurélie Mousnier, Malgorzata Broncel, Edward W Tate, Gad Frankel

Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of Legionnaire's disease, uses its type IV secretion system to translocate over 300 effector proteins into host cells. These effectors subvert host cell signaling pathways to ensure bacterial proliferation. Despite their importance for pathogenesis, the roles of most of the effectors are yet to be characterized. Key to understanding the function of effectors is the identification of host proteins they bind during infection. We previously developed a novel tandem-affinity purification (TAP) approach using hexahistidine and BirA-specific biotinylation tags for isolating translocated effector complexes from infected cells whose composition were subsequently deciphered by mass spectrometry. Here we further advanced the workflow for the TAP approach and determined the infection-dependent interactomes of the effectors SidM and LidA, which were previously reported to promiscuously bind multiple Rab GTPases in vitro. In this study we defined a stringent subset of Rab GTPases targeted by SidM and LidA during infection, comprising of Rab1A, 1B, 6, and 10; in addition, LidA targets Rab14 and 18. Taken together, this study illustrates the power of this approach to profile the intracellular interactomes of bacterial effectors during infection.

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Monoclonal Anti-HA−Peroxidase antibody produced in mouse, clone HA-7, purified immunoglobulin, lyophilized powder