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95172

Sigma-Aldrich

Poly(ethylene glycol)

BioUltra, 20,000

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Synonym(s):
Polyethylene glycol, PEG
Linear Formula:
H(OCH2CH2)nOH
CAS Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

Quality Level

product line

BioUltra

form

flakes

mol wt

Mr ~16000-24000

impurities

insoluble matter:, passes filter test
≤0.001% peroxides (as H2O2):

pH

5.5-7.0 (25 °C, 50 mg/mL in H2O)

mp

63-66 °C

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL at 25 °C, clear, colorless

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤200 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤200 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

λ

50 mg/mL in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.15
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.20

SMILES string

C(CO)O

InChI

1S/C2H6O2/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2

InChI key

LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Poly(ethylene glycol) BioUltra, 20,000

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Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

mol wt

Mr ~16000-24000

mol wt

Mr ~35000

mol wt

Mr 3500-4500

mol wt

Mr 7000-9000

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg, Ba: ≤5 mg/kg, Ca: ≤10 mg/kg, Co: ≤5 mg/kg, Cu: ≤5 mg/kg, K: ≤200 mg/kg, Mg: ≤5 mg/kg, Mo: ≤5 mg/kg, Ni: ≤5 mg/kg, Sr: ≤5 mg/kg, As: ≤0.1 mg/kg, Cd: ≤5 mg/kg, Fe: ≤5 mg/kg, Mn: ≤5 mg/kg, Pb: ≤5 mg/kg, Bi: ≤5 mg/kg, Li: ≤5 mg/kg, Zn: ≤5 mg/kg, Cr: ≤5 mg/kg, Na: ≤200 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg, As: ≤0.1 mg/kg, Ba: ≤5 mg/kg, Bi: ≤5 mg/kg, Ca: ≤10 mg/kg, Cd: ≤5 mg/kg, Co: ≤5 mg/kg, Cr: ≤5 mg/kg, Cu: ≤5 mg/kg, Fe: ≤5 mg/kg, K: ≤200 mg/kg, Li: ≤5 mg/kg, Mg: ≤5 mg/kg, Mn: ≤5 mg/kg, Mo: ≤5 mg/kg, Na: ≤200 mg/kg, Ni: ≤5 mg/kg, Pb: ≤5 mg/kg, Sr: ≤5 mg/kg, Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg, As: ≤0.1 mg/kg, Ba: ≤5 mg/kg, Bi: ≤5 mg/kg, Ca: ≤10 mg/kg, Cd: ≤5 mg/kg, Co: ≤5 mg/kg, Cr: ≤5 mg/kg, Cu: ≤5 mg/kg, Fe: ≤5 mg/kg, K: ≤200 mg/kg, Li: ≤5 mg/kg, Mg: ≤5 mg/kg, Mn: ≤5 mg/kg, Mo: ≤5 mg/kg, Na: ≤200 mg/kg, Ni: ≤5 mg/kg, Pb: ≤5 mg/kg, Sr: ≤5 mg/kg, Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg, As: ≤0.1 mg/kg, Ba: ≤5 mg/kg, Bi: ≤5 mg/kg, Ca: ≤10 mg/kg, Cd: ≤5 mg/kg, Co: ≤5 mg/kg, Cr: ≤5 mg/kg, Cu: ≤5 mg/kg, Fe: ≤5 mg/kg, K: ≤200 mg/kg, Li: ≤5 mg/kg, Mg: ≤5 mg/kg, Mn: ≤5 mg/kg, Mo: ≤5 mg/kg, Na: ≤200 mg/kg, Ni: ≤5 mg/kg, Pb: ≤5 mg/kg, Sr: ≤5 mg/kg, Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

impurities

insoluble matter:, passes filter test, ≤0.001% peroxides (as H2O2):

impurities

insoluble matter:, passes filter test, ≤0.005% peroxides (as H2O2):

impurities

insoluble matter:, passes filter test, ≤0.001% peroxides (as H2O2):

impurities

insoluble matter:, passes filter test, ≤0.001% peroxides (as H2O2):

mp

63-66 °C

mp

64-66 °C

mp

58-61 °C

mp

61-64 °C

General description

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a polyether compound that is used as an additive in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and food. It consists of repeated ethylene glycol units[-(CH2CH2O)n].

Application

Poly(ethylene glycol) has been used as a non-absorbing polymer in aqueous dispersion or active gel assembly to stimulate the formation of filament bundles through depletion interaction.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a synthetic polymer that is used as a gold standard in bioconjugation and nanomedicine to extend blood circulation time and enhance drug efficacy. PEG-conjugated drugs are considered safe for use in humans and are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). PEG has several biomedical applications, including biosensing, imaging, and tissue engineering. It also repels protein adsorption and lowers the liver uptake, which helps in coating nanoparticles.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Science advances, 4(4), eaao1470-eaao1470 (2018-05-10)
The formation of emulsions from multiple immiscible fluids is governed by classical concepts such as surface tension, differential chemical affinity and viscosity, and the action of surface-active agents. Much less is known about emulsification when one of the components is
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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(20), 5498-5502 (2016-05-04)
Living cells sense the mechanical features of their environment and adapt to it by actively remodeling their peripheral network of filamentary proteins, known as cortical cytoskeleton. By mimicking this principle, we demonstrate an effective control strategy for a microtubule-based active
Janina-Miriam Noy et al.
Biomacromolecules, 21(6), 2320-2333 (2020-04-29)
Phosphorylcholine is known to repel the absorption of proteins onto surfaces, which can prevent the formation of a protein corona on the surface of nanoparticles. This can influence the fate of nanoparticles used for drug delivery. This material could therefore
Anisha A D'souza et al.
Expert opinion on drug delivery, 13(9), 1257-1275 (2016-04-28)
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a polymer of choice in drug delivery systems. This USFDA-approved polymer is popular due to its tunable properties and well-established safety profile: prime requisites considered during the selection of any excipient in formulation development. The unique
Thai Thanh Hoang Thi et al.
Polymers, 12(2) (2020-02-07)
Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is widely used as a gold standard in bioconjugation and nanomedicine to prolong blood circulation time and improve drug efficacy. The conjugation of PEG to proteins, peptides, oligonucleotides (DNA, small interfering RNA (siRNA), microRNA (miRNA)) and nanoparticles

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