Gold nanoparticles are particles with diameters in the 1-100 nm range and have unique optical and physical properties, the most pronounced being the intense absorbance and scattering of incident light at its surface plasmon resonance wavelength.
Professor Yoshiki Katayama (Kyushu University, Japan) discusses recent advances in drug delivery systems and strategies that exploit the EPR effect, with a special focus on stimuli-responsive systems based on novel materials.
Noble-metal nanostructures are widely used in a variety of applications ranging from catalysis to electronics, surface plasmon resonance (SPR), surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), and biomedical research.
Composite materials that traditionally incorporate micron scale reinforcements in a bulk matrix offer opportunities to tailor material properties such as hardness, tensile strength, ductility, density, thermal and electrical conductivity, and wear resistance.
Small-scale materials with particle diameters in the nanometer range have already been used for a long time. The Chinese used carbon black, derived from a combustion process for painting applications a long time before modern technology allowed its industrial production.
Quantum dots (QDs) are luminescent semiconductor nanoparticles, with diameters in the range of 1 to 20 nm. The unique optical and electronic properties of QDs are being exploited in a number of applications including flat panel displays and coloured lighting
Professor Randal Lee (University of Houston, USA) discusses design considerations for iron oxide magnetic nanospheres and nanocubes used for biosensing, including synthetic procedures, size, and shape. The effects of these variables are discussed for various volumetric-based and surface-based detection schemes.
One of the more traditional photovoltaic devices, single crystalline silicon solar cells were invented more than 50 years ago, currently make up 94% of the market. Single crystalline silicon solar cells operate on the principle of p-n junctions formed by
Magnetic-plasmonic nanoparticles offer the combined benefits of both a magnetic probe as well as additional imaging modes usually associated with noble metal nanoparticles. Professor Shinya Maenosono (Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) explores the synthesis, characterization, and proof-of-concept application
With the development of more monodispersed and size-controlled particles, nonporous SiNPs are now actively being investigated as promising nanocarrier systems for delivering drugs to various human tissues, and as novel materials for smart plastics
Advances in materials have often been led by the development of new synthetic methods that provide control over size, morphology and structure. The preparation of materials in a scalable and continuous manner is critical when development moves beyond lab-scale quantities.