Inorganic nanomaterials are tunable by size, shape, structure, and/or composition. Advances in the synthesis of well-defined nanomaterials have enabled control over their unique optical, electronic, and chemical properties stimulating tremendous interest across a wide range of disciplines. This article illuminates
Solar panels for homes and businesses have seen a rise in demand over the past few years as we move toward more environment-friendly and sustainable energy sources. In 2010, the average power from solar was just 5.0 GWh/d and
Sustainable, environment-friendly, and clean energy sources with sufficiently high production efficiency for practical application are highly desirable to meet the energy challenge of the 21st century due to the world′s increasing energy demand.
The emerging organic photovoltaic (OPV) technology is very promising for low-cost solar energy production. OPV devices can be produced using high-throughput, large-volume printing methods on lightweight and flexible plastic substrates, making them easy to deploy and use in innovative ways.
Professor Sharma and colleagues review the synthesis and applications of this novel material. This includes a discussion of the unique properties of quantum dots and their suitability for solar cell applications, along with common synthesis techniques used to develop these
The soaring global demand for energy, coupled with the limited supply of fossil fuels, has increased the need for renewable, low-cost energy sources. Organic electronics have shown great promise for applications in lighting, power, and circuitry, with rapidly improving performance
The field of organic electronics has emerged as the next-generation technology potentially enabling ultra-thin, large-area, and/or flexible devices, consisting of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), and organic photovoltaics (OPVs).
Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) represent a low-cost, lightweight, and scalable alternative to conventional solar cells. While significant progress has been made in the development of conventional bulk heterojunction cells, new approaches are required to achieve the performance and stability necessary to
For several decades, the need for an environmentally sustainable and commercially viable source of energy has driven extensive research aimed at achieving high efficiency power generation systems that can be manufactured at low cost.
Spectral conversion for solar cells is an emerging concept in the field of photovoltaics, and it has the potential to increase significantly the efficiency of solar cells. Lanthanide ions are ideal candidates for spectral conversion, due to their high luminescence
Since the first publication in 1995 describing a bulk heterojunction photodiode incorporating a methanofullerene, significant progress has been made in improving device performance and the scope of device research has broadened widely.
Metal-organic frameworks, a subset of coordination polymers, represent a powerful new tool for a plethora of alternative energy applications. MOFs are readily available using simple synthetic strategies that supply tailored, high surface area materials.
In this paper, we discuss recent advances in the preparation of various TiO2 porous structures via hard and soft-templating routes. Specifically, we focus on recent developments in TiO2 mesoporous thin films in a combined sol-gel and evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) process.
Since the demonstration of the first practical solar cell 60 years ago, research on novel materials, improved solar cell design and structure, and innovative manufacturing processes have all contributed to a continuous increase in the efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) devices.
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is an important n-type semiconducting material that shows interesting characteristics such as photoswitchable surface wettability, high photocatalytic activity, bistable electrical resistance states and high electron drift mobility.
Electronically, it behaves as a wide band gap (3.2 eV) semiconductor and exhibits memristor properties.2 Optically, TiO2 has high opacity with a very high refractive index3 (>2.4), and it exhibits strong absorbance in the UV range.