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U1250

Sigma-Aldrich

Urea

ReagentPlus®, ≥99.5%, pellets

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Synonym(s):
Carbamide, Carbonyldiamide
Linear Formula:
NH2CONH2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
60.06
Beilstein:
635724
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

product line

ReagentPlus®

Assay

≥99.5%

form

pellets

mp

132-135 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 8 M

density

1.335 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

NC(N)=O

InChI

1S/CH4N2O/c2-1(3)4/h(H4,2,3,4)

InChI key

XSQUKJJJFZCRTK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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1 of 4

This Item
33247U512815604
Urea ReagentPlus®, ≥99.5%, pellets

U1250

Urea

Urea puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99%

33247

Urea

Urea ACS reagent, 99.0-100.5%

U5128

Urea

Urea puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99.0-100.5%, 99.0-101.0% (calc. on dry substance)

15604

Urea

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

solubility

H2O: 8 M

solubility

H2O: soluble 480 g/L at 20 °C

solubility

H2O: soluble 480 g/L at 20 °C

solubility

H2O: soluble 480 g/L at 20 °C

form

pellets

form

solid

form

solid

form

solid

mp

132-135 °C (lit.)

mp

132-135 °C (lit.)

mp

132-135 °C (lit.)

mp

132-135 °C (lit.)

density

1.335 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.335 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.335 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.335 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

General description

Urea is a chaotropic agent and is used for protein denaturation. It disturbs the hydrogen bonds in the secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins. Urea can also disturb hydrogen bonds present in DNA secondary structure.

Application

Urea has been used as a protein denaturing agent.
Used for the denaturation of proteins and as a mild solubilization agent for insoluble or denatured proteins. Useful for renaturing proteins from samples already denatured with 6 M guanidine chloride such as inclusion bodies. May be used with guanidine hydrochloride and dithiothreitrol (DTT) in the refolding of denatured proteins into their native or active form.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Sheehan D.
Physical Biochemistry: Principles and Applications (2013)
Protein and cell wall polysaccharide carbonyl determination by a neutral pH 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-based photometric assay.
Georgiou C D, et al.
Redox Biology, 17, 128-142 (2018)
Protein carbonyl determination by a rhodamine B hydrazide-based fluorometric assay.
Georgiou C D, et al.
Redox Biology, 17, 236-245 (2018)
Christos D Georgiou et al.
Redox biology, 17, 128-142 (2018-04-24)
A new 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH)-based photometric assay is developed for the quantification of carbonyls in protein samples from any biological source by protein carbonyl-DNPH hydrazone formation at acidic pH in the presence of denaturing urea, and subsequent hydrazone solubilization in the
Sreenivasa C Ramaiahgari et al.
Archives of toxicology, 88(5), 1083-1095 (2014-03-07)
Immortalized hepatocyte cell lines show only a weak resemblance to primary hepatocytes in terms of gene expression and function, limiting their value in predicting drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Furthermore, primary hepatocytes cultured on two-dimensional tissue culture plastic surfaces rapidly dedifferentiate

Protocols

Proteinase K activity measured via spectrophotometry using hemoglobin substrate, crucial for enzyme characterization.

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