Merck
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K0250

Sigma-Aldrich

Kainic acid monohydrate

≥99% (TLC)

Synonym(s):
2-Carboxy-3-carboxymethyl-4-isopropenylpyrrolidine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C10H15NO4 · H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
231.25
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥99% (TLC)

form

powder

impurities

Glutamate, free

solubility

H2O: soluble

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O.CC(=C)[C@H]1CN[C@@H]([C@H]1CC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C10H15NO4.H2O/c1-5(2)7-4-11-9(10(14)15)6(7)3-8(12)13;/h6-7,9,11H,1,3-4H2,2H3,(H,12,13)(H,14,15);1H2/t6-,7+,9-;/m0./s1

InChI key

FZNZRJRSYLQHLT-SLGZUKMRSA-N

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General description

Kainic acid is an agonist for kainate-class ionotropic glutamate receptors. Kainate receptors directly gate ion channels and are generally excitatory. Excess stimulation by Kainic acid induces neurocytosis (apoptosis) and epileptic seizures.

Packaging

10, 50 mg in glass insert

Application

Kainic acid is used to study mechanisms of excitation-induced apoptosis and epilepsy.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Kainic acid monohydrate is an agonist at the kainate class of ionotropic glutamate receptors, which induces seizures and neurodegeneration in vivo and is used to induce experimental epilepsy in rodents and study the mechanisms of excitation-induced neuronal apoptosis.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Neuroscience research. Click here to discover more featured Neuroscience products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.
This compound is featured on the Excitatory Amino Acid Transporters and Glutamate Receptors (Ion Channel Family) pages of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Preparation Note

Dissolve in 1-2 drops of 1N NaOH then bring to volume with water or aqueous buffer. Can be stored 1-2 days refrigerated.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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