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Proteomic analysis of porcine endometrial tissue during peri-implantation period reveals altered protein abundance.

Journal of proteomics (2015-05-16)
Beenu Moza Jalali, Marek Bogacki, Mariola Dietrich, Pawel Likszo, Marta Wasielak
ABSTRACT

In mammals, successful pregnancy depends upon the readiness of uterus for implantation, followed by correct communication between the endometrium and the developing conceptus. The objective of this study was to elucidate changes in protein abundance associated with progression of estrous cycle and pregnancy from Day 9 to Day 12. We analyzed porcine endometrial tissue lysates by 2D-DIGE. Abundance of several proteins was altered depending upon the pregnancy status of animals. MALDI-TOF/TOF was used to identify a number of these proteins. Endometrial proteins that increased from Day 9 to Day 12 of cycle included annexin A4, beta-actin, apolipoprotein, ceruloplasmin and afamin. Changes in protein abundances associated with conceptus secreted factors, including haptoglobin, prolyl-4-hydroxylase, aldose-reductase and transthyretin, were also observed. Functional analysis revealed that endometrial proteins with altered abundance on Day 12 irrespective of the reproductive status were related to growth and remodeling, acute phase response and free radical scavenging, whereas transport and small molecule biochemistry were the functions activated in the pregnant endometrium as compared to the cyclic endometrium. These data provide information on dynamic physiological processes associated with uterine endometrial function of the cyclic and pregnant endometrium during period of maternal recognition of pregnancy in pigs and may potentially demonstrate a protein profile associated with successful pregnancy. In pigs, the fertility rates are generally very high but the early embryonic loss that occurs during the second and third weeks of gestation critically affects the potential litter size. Temporal changes that take place in the uterine environment during the period of early pregnancy in pigs and a cross-talk between the uterus and the embryo play an important role in embryonic survival and successful pregnancy. A better understanding of the molecular changes associated with these processes will pave way for understanding of endometrial functions and help towards increasing embryo survival. In this study, we present a 2D-DIGE based analysis of changes in porcine endometrial proteome that are associated with progression of cycle and progression of pregnancy. The network analysis of the results clearly revealed the pathways that are involved in rendering the endometrium receptive to the presence of embryo and also the changes that are result of molecular communication between the endometrium and the conceptuses. This comprehensive identification of proteomic changes in the porcine endometrium could be a foundation for targeted studies of proteins and pathways potentially involved in abnormal endometrial receptivity, placentation and embryo loss.

MATERIALS
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