• G3664
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Glutathione Reductase from baker's yeast (S. cerevisiae)

ammonium sulfate suspension, 100-300 units/mg protein (biuret)

GR, NAD(P)H:oxidized-glutathione oxidoreductase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
Numer MDL:


ammonium sulfate suspension

Poziom jakości

specific activity

100-300 units/mg protein (biuret)

masa cząsteczkowa

118 kDa

numer dostępu UniProt

obecność zanieczyszczeń

G-6-PDH, 6-PGDH, and NADPH oxidase ≤0.01%
lipoamide dehydrogenase ≤0.1%

temp. przechowywania


Gene Information

bakers yeast ... GLR1(856014)

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Opis ogólny

Glutathione reductase (GLR1) exists in mitochondrial and cytoplasmic isoforms. It shares sequence and structural homology to thioredoxin reductase, and is a flavin-containing oxidoreductase. Its active site is composed of a redox-active disulphide, and it requires NADPH for its catalytic activity. It is a widely present enzyme and is found in plants, bacteria, yeast, mice and humans.


Glutathione Reductase (GR) from baker′s yeast has been used:
  • in the glutathione assay to determine glutathione concentration.
  • as a standard in the generation of calibration curve.
  • as an antigen to measure plasma activity of GR.
Glutathione reductase (GR) from baker′s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) has been used-
  • for quantifying the myocardial tissue glutathione content using a glutathione reductase-5,5′-dithiobis (2-nitrobenzoic acid)-based enzymatic recycling assay
  • for the quantification of reduced glutathione (GSH) in the oocytes, using a slightly modified microglutathione assay, obtained from prepubertal gilts
  • for the preparation of total GSSG (glutathione disulphide) + GSH measurement, where all available GSSG was reduced to GSH, in rat lens
  • for the quantification of intracellular reduced glutathione (GSH) in the oocytes obtained from rats


20, 100, 250, 500, 2500 units

Działania biochem./fizjol.

Glutathione (γ-glutamylcysteinylglycine) is a ubiquitous tripeptide thiol which plays a crucial role in oxidative stress defence mechanism of the cell. Glutathione reductase (GLR1) is responsible for the reduction of the glutathione disulfide (GSSG) to reduced glutathione (GSH).
Glutathione reductase IGR) is a crucial flavoenzyme in the antioxidant defense system. Reduced glutathione (GSH) is used by glutathione peroxidase to detoxify hydrogen peroxide and in the process is converted to oxidized glutathione (GSSG). The GSSG is then recycled back to GSH by glutathione reductase (GR) using NADPH that is then converted to NADP+. The regenerated GSH is then available to detoxify more hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme uses FAD as a cofactor. GR and glutathione peroxidase may inhibit lipid peroxidation by functioning as antioxidant enzymes in sperm. Glutathione reductase shares a structural motif with a number of other proteins including aspartyl proteases, citrate synthase, EF hands, hemoglobins, lipocalins, and α/β hydrolases. GR is stimulated by melatonin and is reportedly irreversibly inhibited by a number of oxygen radical generating systems.

Definicja jednostki

One unit will reduce 1.0 μmole of oxidized glutathione per min at pH 7.6 at 25 °C.

Postać fizyczna

Suspension in 3.6 M (NH4)2SO4, pH 7.0, containing 0.1 mM dithiothreitol

Uwaga dotycząca przygotowania

Purified by affinity chromatography


Health hazard

Hasło ostrzegawcze


Zwroty wskazujące rodzaj zagrożenia

Zwroty wskazujące środki ostrożności

Klasyfikacja zagrożeń

Resp. Sens. 1

Kod klasy składowania

12 - Non Combustible Liquids



Temperatura zapłonu °F

Not applicable

Temperatura zapłonu °C

Not applicable

Regulatory Listings

Regulatory Listings are mainly provided for chemical products. Only limited information can be provided here for non-chemical products. No entry means none of the components are listed. It is the user’s obligation to ensure the safe and legal use of the product.

EU REACH Annex XVII (Restriction List)


Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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