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Wyświetlanie 1-24 of 24 wyniki(-ów) for "


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Deanna M Santer et al.
Journal of immunological methods, 445, 15-22 (2017-03-10)
Type III interferons (IFN-lambdas) are important antiviral cytokines that also modulate immune responses acting through a unique IFN-λR1/IL-10R2 heterodimeric receptor. Conflicting data has been reported for which cells express the IFN-λR1 subunit and directly respond to IFN-λs. In this study
Benjamin Steinborn et al.
The journal of gene medicine, 20(7-8), e3041-e3041 (2018-06-28)
Developing new drug delivery carriers addressing chemoresistance is still full of challenges and opportunities. As the rapid development of small interfering RNA (siRNA) provides promising therapeutic perspectives, nanocarriers for drug and siRNA co-delivery present new alternatives for cancer therapy. A
Benjamin E Housden et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(50), E10755-E10762 (2017-12-01)
Synthetic sick or synthetic lethal (SS/L) screens are a powerful way to identify candidate drug targets to specifically kill tumor cells, but this approach generally suffers from low consistency between screens. We found that many SS/L interactions involve essential genes
Jun Wu et al.
Cell reports, 33(7), 108395-108395 (2020-11-19)
The mammalian SWitch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin-remodeling BAF (BRG1/BRM-associated factor) complex plays an essential role in developmental and pathological processes. We show that the deletion of Baf155, which encodes a subunit of the BAF complex, in the Tie2(+) lineage (Baf155 (CKO)
Na Yin et al.
Nanoscale, 12(15), 8546-8562 (2020-04-04)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammatory cell infiltration, and cartilage and bone disruption, which ultimately leads to loss of joint function. Current treatments for RA only focus on anti-inflammatory activity but neglect to prevent further damage
Colin Watanabe et al.
RNA biology, 13(1), 25-33 (2016-01-21)
Incorporating miRNA-like features into vector-based hairpin scaffolds has been shown to augment small RNA processing and RNAi efficiency. Therefore, defining an optimal, native hairpin context may obviate a need for hairpin-specific targeting design schemes, which confound the movement of functional
Shigemi Kimura et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 5066-5066 (2014-06-12)
The ZHTc6-MyoD embryonic stem cell line expresses the myogenic transcriptional factor MyoD under the control of a tetracycline-inducible promoter. Following induction, most of the ZHTc6-MyoD cells differentiate to myotubes. However, a small fraction does not differentiate, instead forming colonies that
Liping Chen et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 19890-19890 (2019-12-29)
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a leading cause of mortality in preterm newborns. Intestinal barrier dysfunction is one key event in NEC pathogenesis. Human β-defensin-3 (hBD3), one member of cationic host defence peptides, was reported to reduce the development of necrotizing
Bo Li et al.
Aging, 12(10), 9781-9792 (2020-05-27)
Down Syndrome Cell Adhesion Molecule antisense1 (DSCAM-AS1), a novel long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), reportedly contributes to the development and progression of several cancers. There is a lack of information on its biological role and regulatory mechanism with respect to colorectal
Mariana Marin et al.
Viruses, 11(2) (2019-01-30)
The HIV-1 entry pathway into permissive cells has been a subject of debate. Accumulating evidence, including our previous single virus tracking results, suggests that HIV-1 can enter different cell types via endocytosis and CD4/coreceptor-dependent fusion with endosomes. However, recent studies
Zhen-Yu She et al.
Oncotarget, 8(22), 36469-36483 (2017-04-22)
The Golgi apparatus is the central organelle along the eukaryotic secretory and endocytic pathway. In non-polarized mammalian cells, the Golgi complex is usually located proximal to the nucleus at the cell center and is closely associated with the microtubule organizing
David Shorthouse et al.
Nature communications, 9(1), 3011-3011 (2018-08-03)
Osmotic regulation is a vital homoeostatic process in all cells and tissues. Cells initially respond to osmotic stresses by activating transmembrane transport proteins to move osmotically active ions. Disruption of ion and water transport is frequently observed in cellular transformations
Luca Goitre et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 8296-8296 (2017-08-16)
The intracellular scaffold KRIT1/CCM1 is an established regulator of vascular barrier function. Loss of KRIT1 leads to decreased microvessel barrier function and to the development of the vascular disorder Cerebral Cavernous Malformation (CCM). However, how loss of KRIT1 causes the
Fayez Hadji et al.
Circulation, 134(23), 1848-1862 (2016-10-30)
Calcific aortic valve disease is characterized by an abnormal mineralization of the aortic valve. Osteogenic activity in the aortic valve is under the control of NOTCH1, which regulates the expression of key pro-osteogenic genes such as RUNX2 and BMP2. Long
Mirko Theis et al.
Journal of biomolecular screening, 20(8), 1018-1026 (2015-04-26)
Broad sequencing enterprises such as the FANTOM or ENCODE projects have substantially extended our knowledge of the human transcriptome. They have revealed that a large portion of genomic DNA is actively transcribed and have identified a plethora of novel transcripts.
Pengzhen Wang et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 279, 220-233 (2018-04-22)
β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is a key enzyme to cleave the amyloid precursor protein to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD). Reducing BACE1 expression in central neuron through RNA interference technology shows great promise to overcome AD. However
Joanna Pyczek et al.
Frontiers in genetics, 10, 1185-1185 (2019-12-24)
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common skin tumor in humans. Although current therapies are sufficient to clear the tumor in many cases, the overall risk of cSCC metastasis is still 5%. Alternative treatment options could help
Lydia Boike et al.
Cell chemical biology, 28(1), 4-13 (2020-09-24)
MYC is a major oncogenic transcriptional driver of most human cancers that has remained intractable to direct targeting because much of MYC is intrinsically disordered. Here, we have performed a cysteine-reactive covalent ligand screen to identify compounds that could disrupt
Wujian Xu et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 12061-12061 (2015-07-16)
Nogo-B, a member of the reticulon 4 protein family, plays a critical role in tissue repair and acute inflammation. Its role in acute lung injury (ALI) remains unclear. Here, we assessed the function of Nogo-B during tissue injury in a
Bin Yang et al.
American journal of translational research, 7(9), 1499-1509 (2015-11-10)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are integral to the differentiation of T helper cells into T helper type 1 TH1, TH2 and TH17 subsets. RNA interference (RNAi), which causes the degradation of any RNA in a sequence specific manner, is a posttranscriptional
Li Ding et al.
Life science alliance, 4(3) (2020-12-31)
The RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) associated factor 1 complex (Paf1C) plays critical roles in modulating the release of paused RNAPII into productive elongation. However, regulation of Paf1C-mediated promoter-proximal pausing is complex and context dependent. In fact, in cancer cell lines
J-L Wang et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1263-e1263 (2014-05-31)
Aberrant regulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays important roles in colorectal carcinogenesis, with over 90% of cases of sporadic colon cancer featuring β-catenin accumulation. While ubiquitination-mediated degradation is widely accepted as a major route for β-catenin protein turnover, little is
Isabel Weinheimer et al.
The Journal of general virology, 95(Pt 2), 486-495 (2013-11-05)
Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV; genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae) causes heavy yield losses in sweet potato plants co-infected with other viruses. The dsRNA-specific class 1 RNase III-like endoribonuclease (RNase3) encoded by SPCSV suppresses post-transcriptional gene silencing and eliminates antiviral
Vino T Cheriyan et al.
Redox biology, 34, 101487-101487 (2020-03-17)
Endothelial nitric oxide (NO) is a critical mediator of vascular function and vascular remodeling. NO is produced by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), which is activated by calcium (Ca2+)-dependent and Ca2+-independent pathways. Here, we report that neurogranin (Ng), which regulates
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