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Synthesis, characterization and in vitro biological evaluation of some novel diarylsulfonylureas as potential cytotoxic and antimicrobial agents.

Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (2011-12-28)
Vasudeva Rao Avupati, Rajendra Prasad Yejella, Girijasankar Guntuku, Pradeepsagar Gunta
ABSTRACT

A series of novel diarylsulfonylureas (1-28) have been synthesized and characterized by FTIR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and LC mass spectral analysis. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activities. Among the tested compounds for cytotoxicity using Brine Shrimp Lethality assay, compounds 18 and 22 exhibited significant cytotoxicity at ED(50) values 3.96±0.21 and 4.02±0.19μg/mL, respectively. This level of activity was found comparable to that of the reference drug podophyllotoxin with ED(50) value 3.61±0.17μg/mL and it could be a remarkable starting point to develop new lead molecules with major cytotoxicity. Antimicrobial activity was screened using agar well diffusion assay method against selected Gram-positive, Gram-negative and fungal strains. Most of the compounds showed promising antibacterial and antifungal activity and the activity expressed as the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) in μg/mL.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Podophyllotoxin