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  • End-binding proteins sensitize microtubules to the action of microtubule-targeting agents.

End-binding proteins sensitize microtubules to the action of microtubule-targeting agents.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2013-05-16)
Renu Mohan, Eugene A Katrukha, Harinath Doodhi, Ihor Smal, Erik Meijering, Lukas C Kapitein, Michel O Steinmetz, Anna Akhmanova
ABSTRACT

Microtubule-targeting agents (MTAs) are widely used for treatment of cancer and other diseases, and a detailed understanding of the mechanism of their action is important for the development of improved microtubule-directed therapies. Although there is a large body of data on the interactions of different MTAs with purified tubulin and microtubules, much less is known about how the effects of MTAs are modulated by microtubule-associated proteins. Among the regulatory factors with a potential to have a strong impact on MTA activity are the microtubule plus end-tracking proteins, which control multiple aspects of microtubule dynamic instability. Here, we reconstituted microtubule dynamics in vitro to investigate the influence of end-binding proteins (EBs), the core components of the microtubule plus end-tracking protein machinery, on the effects that MTAs exert on microtubule plus-end growth. We found that EBs promote microtubule catastrophe induction in the presence of all MTAs tested. Analysis of microtubule growth times supported the view that catastrophes are microtubule age dependent. This analysis indicated that MTAs affect microtubule aging in multiple ways: destabilizing MTAs, such as colchicine and vinblastine, accelerate aging in an EB-dependent manner, whereas stabilizing MTAs, such as paclitaxel and peloruside A, induce not only catastrophes but also rescues and can reverse the aging process.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Picropodophyllotoxin, ≥96% (HPLC), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Combretastatin A4, ≥98% (HPLC), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Podophyllotoxin
Sigma-Aldrich
Colchicine, ≥95% (HPLC), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Colchicine, BioReagent, suitable for plant cell culture, ≥95% (HPLC)