All Photos(3)

326712

Sigma-Aldrich

Ruthenium black

greener alternative
Synonym(s):
Ruthenium
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
Ru
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
101.07
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

Quality Level

assay

≥98%

form

powder

greener alternative product characteristics

Design for Energy Efficiency
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

resistivity

7.1 μΩ-cm, 0°C

surface area

17-26 m2/g

bp

3900 °C (lit.)

mp

2310 °C (lit.)

density

12.45 g/cm3 (lit.)

greener alternative category

Enabling

SMILES string

[Ru]

InChI

1S/Ru

InChI key

KJTLSVCANCCWHF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Greener Chemistry. This product has been enhanced for energy efficiency. Find details here.

Application

Ru based complexes may be used in the synthesis of anticancer drugs. Ru complexes in conjunction with magnesium may be used in the atom transfer radical addition (ATRA) and cyclization (ATRC) reactions.
Ru may be used as a catalyst in the following reactions;
  • oxidative coupling of indoles and pyrroles with several alkenes
  • arylations reactions.

Packaging

1 g in glass bottle
Packaged in glass bottles

pictograms

Flame

signalword

Danger

hcodes

pcodes

Hazard Classifications

Flam. Sol. 1

Storage Class Code

4.1B - Flammable solid hazardous materials

WGK Germany

nwg

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Rafael E Rodríguez-Lugo et al.
Nature chemistry, 5(4), 342-347 (2013-03-21)
The development of an efficient catalytic process that mimics the enzymatic function of alcohol dehydrogenase is critical for using biomass alcohols for both the production of H2 as a chemical energy carrier and fine chemicals under waste-free conditions. Dehydrogenation of...
Direct synthesis of pyrroles by dehydrogenative coupling of β-aminoalcohols with secondary alcohols catalyzed by ruthenium pincer complexes.
Dipankar Srimani et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 52(14), 4012-4015 (2013-03-08)
Bin Li et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 78(18), 9345-9353 (2013-09-13)
An efficient ruthenium-catalyzed oxidative coupling of indoles and pyrroles with various alkenes at the C2-position assisted by employing the N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl moiety as a directing group is reported. The catalytic reaction proceeds in an excellent regio- and stereoselective manner.
Lipeng Wu et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135(10), 3989-3996 (2013-02-20)
An efficient and regioselective ruthenium-catalyzed hydroaminomethlyation of olefins is reported. Key to success is the use of specific 2-phosphino-substituted imidazole ligands and triruthenium dodecacarbonyl as catalyst. Both industrially important aliphatic as well as various functionalized olefins react with primary and...
M Beye et al.
Physical review letters, 110(18), 186101-186101 (2013-05-21)
We have studied the femtosecond dynamics following optical laser excitation of CO adsorbed on a Ru surface by monitoring changes in the occupied and unoccupied electronic structure using ultrafast soft x-ray absorption and emission. We recently reported [M. Dell'Angela et...

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