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Sigma-Aldrich

Phosphoric acid

greener alternative

85 wt. % in H2O, 99.99% trace metals basis

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Synonym(s):
Orthophosphoric acid
Linear Formula:
H3PO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
98.00
Beilstein:
1921286
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

vapor density

3.4 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

2.2 mmHg ( 20 °C)
5 mmHg ( 25 °C)

Assay

99.99% trace metals basis

form

liquid

greener alternative product characteristics

Design for Energy Efficiency
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

concentration

85 wt. % in H2O

bp

158 °C (lit.)

mp

~40 °C (lit.)

density

1.685 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

battery manufacturing

greener alternative category

SMILES string

OP(O)(O)=O

InChI

1S/H3O4P/c1-5(2,3)4/h(H3,1,2,3,4)

InChI key

NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... SRC(6714)

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General description

In aqueous solutions, phosphoric acid behaves as a triprotic acid. The triprotic acid has three ionizable hydrogen atoms, which are lost sequentially.
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Application

Industrially, phosphoric acid may be used in fertilizers, detergents, pharmaceuticals, water softeners.
Phosphoric acid (85 wt. % in H2O) can be used for a variety of applications, such as:
  • a medium for corrosion inhibition on mild steel
  • an activating agent in the preparation of activated carbon
  • enhancement of electrochemical performance for energy devices
  • in the development of polymeric membranes for proton exchange membrane based fuel cells

Phosphoric acid has been used as an acid solution for pH adjustment of the fermentation broth in a protocol for the acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation of sugars in a bioreactor.

Packaging

Packaged in clear glass bottles

Other Notes

Concentrated phosphoric acid is approx. 85% H3PO4 (aqueous).

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Physicochemical properties of phosphoric acid doped polybenzimidazole membranes for fuel cells
He R, et al.
Journal of Membrane Science , 277(1-2), 38-45 (2006)
Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from bamboo by microwave-induced phosphoric acid activation
Liu Q, et al.
Industrial Crops and Products, 31(2), 233-238 (2010)
Production of an acetone-butanol-ethanol mixture from Clostridium acetobutylicum and its conversion to high-value biofuels.
Sreekumar S, et al.
Nature Protocols, 10(3), 528-537 (2015)
Eco friendly inhibitor for corrosion inhibition of mild steel in phosphoric acid medium
Gunasekaran G and Chauhan LR
Electrochimica Acta, 49(25), 4387-4395 (2004)
Proton-conducting membranes based on benzimidazole polymers for high-temperature PEM fuel cells. A chemical quest
Asensio JA, et al.
Chemical Society Reviews, 39(8), 3210-3239 (2010)

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