Merck
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50053

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride

technical, ≥90% (calc. based on dry substance, AT)

Synonym(s):
(2,3-Epoxypropyl)trimethylammonium chloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H14ClNO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
151.63
Beilstein:
3914931
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

grade

technical

Quality Level

assay

≥90% (calc. based on dry substance, AT)

impurities

2-4% chlorohydrin
20-25% water

density

1.13 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[Cl-].C[N+](C)(C)CC1CO1

InChI

1S/C6H14NO.ClH/c1-7(2,3)4-6-5-8-6;/h6H,4-5H2,1-3H3;1H/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

PUVAFTRIIUSGLK-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride (GTMAC) is a cationizing agent commonly used for starch modification.

Application

Glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride be used as a derivatizing agent to synthesize N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-3-trimethylammonium chitosan chloride (HTCC), a water-soluble chitosan derivative, by reacting with chitosan. HTCC can form nanocomposite films with silver nanoparticles that show good antimicrobial property and optical transparency. Cationic starches can also be prepared by derivatization of starch with GTMAC.

Packaging

50, 250 mL in glass bottle
1 L in glass bottle

Caution

hydrolysis on storage (approx. 3.5%/month at 20°C)

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 1B - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Repr. 1B - Skin Sens. 1 - STOT RE 2

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

338.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

170 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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