Tetrabutylammonium chloride is a quaternary ammonium salt that is commonly used as a phase transfer catalyst as well as a source of chloride ions in organic synthesis.
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Tetrabutylammonium chloride (TBACl) can be used as a phase transfer catalyst in the synthesis of:
2-Amino-4H-chromene derivatives by the condensation reaction of aldehydes, malononitrile, and α, or β-naphthol.
Methyl esters by esterification reaction of carboxylic acids with dimethyl carbonate in the presence of K2CO3.
It has also been used as an initiator to synthesize 11-trifluoromethylated dibenzodiazepines via cascade radical addition/cyclization of o-isocyanodiaryl amines.
TBACl can also be used with phosphorus pentoxide for greener deoxychlorination.
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The tailor-made character of deep eutectic solvents (DES) turns them very attractive to be used in several applications, including in health-related areas such as pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and cosmetic industries. However, although DES has been touted as "green" solvents, several works
Efficient and eco-friendly synthesis of 2-amino-4H-chromene derivatives using catalytic amount of tetrabutylammonium chloride (TBAC) in water and solvent-free conditions
Mehrabi H and Kamali N
Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society, 9, 599-605 (2012)
The present study describes the synthesis of the first phenoxycalixpyrrole-epichlorohydrin based polymer. The advantage of the latter resides in its fast-single step synthesis protocol, low cost, water insolubility and its unexpected anion extraction capacity. The study of this polymer by
Tetrabutylammonium Chloride-Induced Cascade Radical Addition/Cyclization of O-Isocyanodiaryl Amines: A Novel Protocol for the Synthesis of 11-Trifluoromethylated Dibenzodiazepines
Yuan S, et al.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 87, 16542-16549 (2022)