Collagen is a major structural protein that provides structure and strength to tissues in the body. Due to its biocompatibility, biodegradability, and high abundance, collagen has been utilized for many applications in biomedical research. Applications of fibrillar collagen may include:
- Development of collagen-based tissues for skin replacement, bone substitutes and to generate artificial blood vessels and valves.
- Drug delivery systems such as sponges for burns/wounds, formulations with liposomes for sustained drug delivery, materials for transdermal drug delivery, and nanoparticles for gene delivery.
- As collagen scaffolds for research in cancer, electrophysiological protocols, neuron myelination, immunology and other cell culture applications.