Merck
All Photos(1)

Documents

V403

Sigma-Aldrich

γ-Valerolactone

ReagentPlus®, 99%

Sign Into View Organizational & Contract Pricing

Synonym(s):
γ-Valerolactone, gamma-Valerolactone, γ-Methyl-γ-butyrolactone, 4,5-Dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone, 4-Hydroxypentanoic acid lactone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H8O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
100.12
Beilstein:
80420
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

vapor density

3.45 (vs air)

product line

ReagentPlus®

Assay

99%

refractive index

n20/D 1.432 (lit.)

bp

207-208 °C (lit.)
82-85 °C/10 mmHg (lit.)

mp

−31 °C (lit.)

density

1.05 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC1CCC(=O)O1

InChI

1S/C5H8O2/c1-4-2-3-5(6)7-4/h4H,2-3H2,1H3

InChI key

GAEKPEKOJKCEMS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... CYP1A2(1544)

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Compare Similar Items

View Full Comparison

Show Differences

1 of 4

This Item
W310311W310301918660
γ-Valerolactone ReagentPlus®, 99%

Sigma-Aldrich

V403

γ-Valerolactone

γ-Valerolactone natural, ≥95%, FG

Sigma-Aldrich

W310311

γ-Valerolactone

γ-Valerolactone ≥99%, FCC, FG

Sigma-Aldrich

W310301

γ-Valerolactone

γ-Valerolactone BioRenewable, ≥99%, ReagentPlus®

Sigma-Aldrich

918660

γ-Valerolactone

refractive index

n20/D 1.432 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.432 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.432 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.432 (lit.)

bp

207-208 °C (lit.), 82-85 °C/10 mmHg (lit.)

bp

207-208 °C (lit.), 82-85 °C/10 mmHg (lit.)

bp

207-208 °C (lit.), 82-85 °C/10 mmHg (lit.)

bp

207-208 °C (lit.), 82-85 °C/10 mmHg (lit.)

mp

−31 °C (lit.)

mp

−31 °C (lit.)

mp

−31 °C (lit.)

mp

−31 °C (lit.)

density

1.05 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.05 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.05 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.05 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

400

Quality Level

100

General description

γ-valerolactone (GVL) is found naturally in fruits and often used as a fuel additive and food ingredient. It is prominently employed in the production of both energy and carbon-based products.

Application

γ-valerolactone (GVL) can be used as a green solvent:
  • To transform lignocellulose into furfural using a solid acid catalyst, H-mordenite.
  • To synthesize phosphatidylserine.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

204.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

96 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificates of Analysis (COA)

Search for Certificates of Analysis (COA) by entering the products Lot/Batch Number. Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product’s label following the words ‘Lot’ or ‘Batch’.

Already Own This Product?

Documents related to the products that you have purchased in the past have been gathered in the Document Library for your convenience.

Visit the Document Library

Difficulty Finding Your Product Or Lot/Batch Number?

Product numbers are combined with Pack Sizes/Quantity when displayed on the website (example: T1503-25G). Please make sure you enter ONLY the product number in the Product Number field (example: T1503).

Example:

T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

Additional examples:

705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

enter as 1.000309185)

Having trouble? Feel free to contact Technical Service for assistance.

Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

Aldrich Products

  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as 05427ES-021, enter it as 05427ES (without the filling-code '-021').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as STBB0728K9, enter it as STBB0728 without the filling-code 'K9'.

Not Finding What You Are Looking For?

In some cases, a COA may not be available online. If your search was unable to find the COA you can request one.

Request COA

Customers Also Viewed

Slide 1 of 5

1 of 5

γ-Heptalactone ≥98%, FCC, FG

Sigma-Aldrich

W253901

γ-Heptalactone

Dimethyl isosorbide BioRenewable, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Sigma-Aldrich

906832

Dimethyl isosorbide

γ-Octanoic lactone 97%

Sigma-Aldrich

O4008

γ-Octanoic lactone

β-Butyrolactone 98%

Sigma-Aldrich

219126

β-Butyrolactone

γ-Valerolactone-a sustainable liquid for energy and carbon-based chemicals
Horvath I, et al.
Green Chemistry, 10(2), 238-242 (2008)
Highly efficient synthesis of phosphatidylserine in the eco-friendly solvent γ-valerolactone
Duan Z-Q and Hu Fei
Green Chemistry, 14(6), 1581-1583 (2012)
Conversion of levulinic acid and formic acid into γ-valerolactone over heterogeneous catalysts.
Li Deng et al.
ChemSusChem, 3(10), 1172-1175 (2010-09-28)
Catalytic conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates into gamma-valerolactone without using an external H2 supply.
Li Deng et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 48(35), 6529-6532 (2009-07-25)
Santiago Aparicio et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 11(30), 6455-6467 (2009-10-08)
In this work, an experimental and computational study on the properties and molecular-level liquid structure of gamma-butyrolactone and gamma-valerolactone is reported. These fluids are selected because of their possible use as alternative green solvents considering their favorable environmental and toxicological

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service