Merck
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W248924

Sigma-Aldrich

Furfural

natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG

Synonym(s):
2-Furaldehyde, Furan-2-carboxaldehyde
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
96.08
FEMA Number:
2489
Beilstein:
105755
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
13.018

grade

FG
Fragrance grade
Halal
Kosher
natural

Quality Level

Agency

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FCC
FDA 21 CFR 117
FDA 21 CFR 175.105

vapor density

3.31 (vs air)

vapor pressure

13.5 mmHg ( 55 °C)

assay

≥98%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

599 °F

expl. lim.

19.3 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.525 (lit.)

bp

162 °C (lit.)

mp

−36 °C (lit.)

solubility

95% ethanol: soluble 1 mL/mL, clear

density

1.16 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

Organoleptic

almond; baked; bread; woody; sweet

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)c1ccco1

InChI

1S/C5H4O2/c6-4-5-2-1-3-7-5/h1-4H

InChI key

HYBBIBNJHNGZAN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Furfural is a furan derivative. It is a potential substitute for petroleum-based building blocks used in the production of fine chemicals and plastics. Production of furfural by dehydration of fructose, glucose and xylose using a biphasic reactor system has been reported. Furfural, a Maillard reaction product, is reported to inhibit the growth and alcohol production bySaccharomyces cerevisiae. Selective conversion of furfural in H2 over SiO2-supported Ni and Ni-Fe bimetallic catalyst has been reported. Furfurals are the are major components of bio-oil.

Application

Furfural may be used in the preparation of biofuel 2-methylfuran.

Packaging

1 kg in glass bottle
5, 10 kg in composite drum

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

136.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

58 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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