Merck
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8.04608

Sigma-Aldrich

Hydrazinium hydroxide

(about 100% N₂H₅OH) for synthesis

Synonym(s):
Hydrazine hydrate, Hydrazinium hydroxide
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
H4N2 · xH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.05 (anhydrous basis)
MDL number:
EC Index Number:
206-114-9

Quality Level

vapor pressure

20 hPa ( 20 °C)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

280 °C

potency

169 mg/kg LD50, oral (Rat)

expl. lim.

3.4-99 % (v/v)

pH

10-11 (20 °C, 10 g/L in H2O)

bp

120.5 °C/1013 hPa

mp

-51.7 °C

density

1.03 g/cm3 at 20 °C

storage temp.

15-25°C

InChI

1S/H4N2.H2O/c1-2;/h1-2H2;1H2

InChI key

IKDUDTNKRLTJSI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Application

Hydrazinium hydroxide (N2H4.H2O) can be used as a reducing agent to synthesize:
  • Magnetic nickel nanoparticles by polyol process using nickel acetate as a precursor.
  • Cu@Cu2O core-shell nanoparticles via a chemical reduction method using CuSO4.5H2O as a precursor.

It can also be used as a reactant to prepare:
2H-indazolo[2,1-b]phthalazine-1,6,11(13H)-trione derivatives by Ce(SO4)2·4H2O catalyzed condensation reaction with phthalic anhydride, aromatic aldehydes, and dimedone.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Carc. 1B - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

100.4 °F - closed cup - (anhydrous substance)

Flash Point(C)

38 °C - closed cup - (anhydrous substance)

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