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02288

Sigma-Aldrich

L-(−)-Malic acid

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Synonym(s):
L-Hydroxybutanedioic acid, (S)-(−)-2-Hydroxysuccinic acid
Linear Formula:
HO2CCH2CH(OH)CO2H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
134.09
Beilstein:
1723541
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

product line

ReagentPlus®

Quality Level

assay

≥99%

optical activity

[α]20/D −30±2°, c = 5.5% in pyridine

impurities

≤0.3% water

ign. residue

≤0.1% (as SO4)

mp

101-103 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Fe: ≤10 mg/kg

SMILES string

O[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H6O5/c5-2(4(8)9)1-3(6)7/h2,5H,1H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)/t2-/m0/s1

InChI key

BJEPYKJPYRNKOW-REOHCLBHSA-N

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Application

L-(−)-Malic acid can be used:
  • As a carboxylate ligand in the preparation of a variety of chiral metal malates and coordination polymers.
  • In the preparation of poly(malic acid), which is a biodegradable, bioabsorbable and water-soluble polymer.
  • As a key ingredient in the total synthesis of (+)-australine, (+)-brasilenyne, epothilones B and D.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Coordination polymers built with a linear bis-imidazole and different dicarboxylates: unusual entanglement and emission properties.
Singh R and Bharadwaj P K
Crystal Growth & Design, 13(8), 3722-3733 (2013)
Improved synthesis with high yield and increased molecular weight of poly (α, β-malic acid) by direct polycondensation.
Kajiyama T, et al.
Biomacromolecules, 5(1), 169-174 (2004)
Synthesis of polyhydroxylated pyrrolizidine alkaloids of the alexine family by tandem ring-closing metathesis? transannular cyclization.(+)-Australine.
White J D and Hrnciar P
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 65(26), 9129-9142 (2000)
Synthesis, Structure and Magnetic properties of Chiral and Nonchiral Transition?Metal Malates.
Beghidja A, et al.
Chemistry?A European Journal , 12(29), 7627-7638 (2006)
Magnus Hansson
Microscopy research and technique, 67(2), 90-99 (2005-07-23)
In the present investigation the relationship between the sympathetic nervous system and the endocardial levels of receptor binding sites for natriuretic peptides and the plasma content of atrial natriuretic peptide were analyzed in rats. In order to destruct the cardiac

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