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225819

Sigma-Aldrich

Hydrazine hydrate

reagent grade, N2H4 50-60 %

Synonym(s):
Hydrazinium hydroxide
Linear Formula:
NH2NH2 · xH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.05 (anhydrous basis)
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

reagent grade

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

5 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

50.0-60.0% (% H4N2 by Na2S2O3 basis, titration)

form

liquid

composition

Degree of hydration, ~1.5
N2H4, 50-60%

expl. lim.

99.99 %

density

1.029 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

NN.[H]O[H]

InChI

1S/H4N2.H2O/c1-2;/h1-2H2;1H2

InChI key

IKDUDTNKRLTJSI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

General description

The addition of hydrazine hydrate to reduced graphene oxide (RGO) counter electrode improves its performance in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC).

Application

Hydrazine hydrate may be used to prepare:
  • 3-(2-Benzyloxy-6-hydroxyphenyl)-5-styrylpyrazoles by reacting with 5-benzyloxy-2-styrylchromones.
  • 3,5-Diphenyl-2-pyrazoline derivatives by reacting with 1,3-diphenyl-2-propen-1-one.
  • 3′-Aryl-1,2,3,4,4′,5′-hexahydrospiro[quinoxalin-2,5′-pyrazol]-3-ones by reacting with 3-arylacylidene-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2(1H)-ones.
  • It may also be used in the catalytic reduction of nitroarenes to aromatic amines.

Hydrazine hydrate has been used for the deproteination of the enamel samples in a study. It may be used as a reducing agent in the following:
  • Preparation of silver nanoparticles.
  • Transformation of monosubstituted nitrobenzene derivatives to the corresponding anilines.
  • Along with graphite for the conversion of nitro compounds (aromatic and aliphatic) to the amino compounds.

Packaging

50, 250 g in glass bottle
1 kg in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Carc. 1B - Skin Corr. 1B - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

204.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

96 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

More documents

Quotes and Ordering

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What is the difference between Hydrazine hydrate product numbers 225819, 215155 and 207942?

    Prod. No. 215155 is anhydrous hydrazine. There is no water associated with this product. It has a molecular (formula) weight of 32.05. Prod. No. 207942 is hydrazine monohydrate. There is one mole of water for every mole of hydrazine. It has a molecular (formula) weight of 50.06. Prod. No. 225819 is hydrazine hydrate. The hydrazine content by weight from batch to batch may vary between 50 to 60%. Because the amount of water present (the other 40 to 50%) will also vary from batch to batch, it does not have a defined molecular (formula) weight. If a batch was found to contain 54 wt% hydrazine, then that batch would have 1.5 moles of water for every mole of hydrazine.

  6. Is Product 225819, Hydrazine hydrate, a liquid or a solid?

    The package sizes for this product are in a mass unit (gram) rather than a volume unit (mL). However, this product is a liquid and not a solid. It has a reported density of 1.029 g/mL at 25°C.

  7. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

T Baumann et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 15194-15194 (2015-10-16)
Enamel proteins form a scaffold for growing hydroxyapatite crystals during enamel formation. They are then almost completely degraded during enamel maturation, resulting in a protein content of only 1% (w/v) in mature enamel. Nevertheless, this small amount of remaining proteins
Graphite catalyzed reduction of aromatic and aliphatic nitro compounds with hydrazine hydrate.
Byung HH, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 26(50), 6233-6234 (1985)
Catalytic reduction of nitroarenes with hydrazine hydrate in suitable solvents.
Ayyangar NR, et al.
Synthesis, 1981(08), 640-643 (1981)
Reduction of aromatic nitro compounds with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of an iron oxide hydroxide catalyst. I. The reduction of monosubstituted nitrobenzenes with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of ferrihydrite.
Lauwiner M, et al.
Applied Catalysis A: General, 172(1), 141-148 (1998)
Synthesis and molecular structure of 3-(2-benzyloxy-6-hydroxyphenyl)-5-styrylpyrazoles. Reaction of 2-styrylchromones and hydrazine hydrate.
Pinto DC, et al.
Tetrahedron, 55(33), 10187-10200 (1999)

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