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288306

Sigma-Aldrich

Chloroform

anhydrous, ≥99%, contains 0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

Synonym(s):
Methylidyne trichloride, Trichloromethane
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CHCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
119.38
Beilstein:
1731042
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

anhydrous

vapor density

4.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

contains

0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

packaging

Sure/Seal of 1, 2 L
Sure/Seal of 100, 12x100 mL

impurities

<0.001% water
<0.005% water (100 mL pkg)

evapn. residue

<0.0003%

color

colorless

refractive index

n20/D 1.445 (lit.)

bp

60.5-61.5 °C (lit.)

mp

−63 °C (lit.)

density

1.48 g/mL at 25 °C
1.492 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

ClC(Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/CHCl3/c2-1(3)4/h1H

InChI key

HEDRZPFGACZZDS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Chloroform is a volatile chlorinated organic solvent whose vapors have a narcotic effect. Due to its light sensitivity, it may undergo degradation with time. This can be suppressed by adding ethanol as a stabilizer. The addition will increase the polarity of the solvent and potentially impact certain applications.

Application

Chloroform has been used as a solvent for dissolving lipids and also as a cleansing agent. It may also be used in solvent extraction process and also for recrystallization.

Packaging

1, 2 L in Sure/Seal™
100, 12×100 mL in Sure/Seal™

Legal Information

Sure/Seal is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

does not flash

Flash Point(C)

does not flash

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Electrogenerated chemiluminescent emission from an organized (LB) monolayer of a tris (2,2'-bipyridine) ruthenium (2+)-based surfactant on semiconductor and metal electrodes
Zhang X and Bard AJ
The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 92(20), 5566-5569 (1988)
Eagleson M
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 216-216 (1994)
Analytical chemistry in a drop. Solvent extraction in a microdrop
Liu H and Dasgupta PK
Analytical Chemistry, 68(11), 1817-1821 (1996)
Mariya M Kucherenko et al.
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (46)(46), doi:10-doi:10 (2011-01-06)
The molecular characterization of muscular dystrophies and myopathies in humans has revealed the complexity of muscle disease and genetic analysis of muscle specification, formation and function in model systems has provided valuable insight into muscle physiology. Therefore, identifying and characterizing...
High activity and regenerability of a palladium-gold catalyst for chloroform degradation.
Velazquez JC, et al.
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology (2015)

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