Merck
All Photos(1)

33120-M

Sigma-Aldrich

N,N-Dimethylformamide

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.8% (GC)

Synonym(s):
DMF, NSC 5356
Linear Formula:
HCON(CH3)2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
73.09
Beilstein:
605365
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Agency

reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

2.5 (vs air)

vapor pressure

2.7 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

833 °F

expl. lim.

15.2 %

technique(s)

cell culture | plant: suitable

impurities

≤0.001% non-volatile matter
≤0.003% free acid (as CH3COOH)
≤0.005% free alkali (as NH3)
≤0.1% water (Karl Fischer)

color

APHA: ≤15

refractive index

n20/D 1.4290-1.4310
n20/D 1.430 (lit.)

pH

6.7

bp

152-154 °C
153 °C (lit.)

mp

−61 °C (lit.)

density

0.948-0.950 g/mL at 20 °C
0.944 g/mL (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
B: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≥0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤1 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sn: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)N(C)C

InChI

1S/C3H7NO/c1-4(2)3-5/h3H,1-2H3

InChI key

ZMXDDKWLCZADIW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) is commonly employed as a solvent for various organic reactions. DMF is a useful solvent employed for the isolation of chlorophyll from plant tissues. It is widely employed reagent in organic synthesis. It plays multiple roles in various reactions such as solvent, dehydrating agent, reducing agent as well as catalyst. It is a multipurpose building block for the synthesis of compounds containing O, -CO, -NMe2, -CONMe2, -Me, -CHO as functional groups.

Application

N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) may be employed as a solvent in the following studies:
  • Extraction of chlorophyll containing pigments from the intact tissues of cotyledons of Cucumis sativus.
  • Isolation of chlorophyll a from the cell cultures of unicellular marine algae.4
  • As reducing agent and solvent for the preparation of Au@Ag core-shell nanocrystals.
Solvent for many hydrophobic organic compounds.

Packaging

2.5 L also available in PE-bottles

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

136.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

58 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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