33247

Sigma-Aldrich

Urea

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99%

Synonym(s):
Carbonyldiamide, Carbamide
Linear Formula:
NH2CONH2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
60.06
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
635724
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Agency/Method

reag. Ph. Eur.

assay

≥99%
99-101% (calc. on dry substance)

form

solid

impurities

alkalic reac. substances, complies
≤0.0005% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.05% ammonium (NH4)
≤0.1% biuret

ign. residue

≤0.01% (as SO4)

loss

≤1.0% loss on drying, 105°C, 1 h

mp

132-135 °C (lit.)
132-135 °C

solubility

H2O: soluble 480 g/L at 20 °C

density

1.335 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤10 mg/kg

cation traces

Fe: ≤2 mg/kg

suitability

in accordance for appearance of solution
in accordance for identity

SMILES string

NC(N)=O

InChI

1S/CH4N2O/c2-1(3)4/h(H4,2,3,4)

InChI key

XSQUKJJJFZCRTK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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General description

Urea is a colorless, odorless solid. It has prism-like crystals. It forms insoluble nitrate salts with nitric acid and oxalate salts with oxalic acid. On reaction with alkanes or substituted alkanes, it affords crystal-lattice inclusion compounds.
Urea is the most commonly used slow release nitrogen fertilizer.

Application

Urea has been used in the following studies:
  • Synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles.
  • Synthesis of urethanes, ureides and semicarbazides.
  • Denaturation of protein isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y15696 strain.
  • Protein electrophoretic studies.
Used for the denaturation of proteins and as a mild solubilization agent for insoluble or denatured proteins. Useful for renaturing proteins from samples already denatured with 6 M guanidine chloride such as inclusion bodies. May be used with guanidine hydrochloride and dithiothreitrol (DTT) in the refolding of denatured proteins into their native or active form.

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

The Fertilizer Encyclopedia, 709-709 (2009)
Joost P J J Hegmans et al.
The American journal of pathology, 164(5), 1807-1815 (2004-04-28)
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Genna L Andrews et al.
Analytical chemistry, 83(13), 5442-5446 (2011-05-31)
The TripleTOF 5600 System, a hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer, was evaluated to explore the key figures of merit in generating peptide and protein identifications that included spectral acquisition rates, data quality, proteome coverage, and biological depth. Employing a Saccharomyces...
Humaira Seema et al.
Nanotechnology, 23(35), 355705-355705 (2012-08-17)
Graphene sheets decorated with SnO(2) nanoparticles (RGO-SnO(2)) were prepared via a redox reaction between graphene oxide (GO) and SnCl(2). Graphene oxide (GO) was reduced to graphene (RGO) and Sn(2+) was oxidized to SnO(2) during the redox reaction, leading to a...
Marco Benevento et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5613-5613 (2014-12-11)
The ectopic expression of Oct4, Klf4, c-Myc and Sox2 (OKMS) transcription factors allows reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). The reprogramming process, which involves a complex network of molecular events, is not yet fully characterized. Here...

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