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33517

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., 99.0-100.5%

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Synonym(s):
Hydroxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
94.11
Beilstein:
969616
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

Agency

reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

3.24 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)

Assay

99.0-100.5%
99.5-100.5% (GC)

form

solid

autoignition temp.

1319 °F

expl. lim.

8.6 %

impurities

≤0.001% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.01% non-volatile matter
≤0.05% m-cresol (GC)
≤0.05% o-cresol (GC)
≤0.05% p-cresol (GC)
≤0.2% water (Karl Fischer)

bp

180-181 °C
182 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

transition temp

solidification point ≥40.5 °C

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Fe: ≤1 mg/kg

SMILES string

Oc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H

InChI key

ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... GABRA1(2554)

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General description

Oxidation of phenol at synthetic boron-doped diamond thin film electrode (BDD) in perchloric acid medium has been proposed. Mechanism of its oxidation to afford oxygen at doped SnO2 coated titanium anodes has been investigated. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been described.

Application

Phenol may be used in the preparation of phenol reagents which participates in the Berthelot color reaction for the quantification of ammonia. It may be used in the preparation of cresols, via Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

177.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

81 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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