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45674

Sigma-Aldrich

Erythromycin

tested according to Ph. Eur.

Synonym(s):
Erythromycinum
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C37H67NO13
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
733.93
Beilstein:
75279
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

Quality Level

Agency/Method

EPA 1694
USP/NF
tested according to Ph. Eur.

form

solid

color

white to faint yellow

solubility

H2O: soluble 2 mg/mL
acetone: freely soluble
acetonitrile: freely soluble
alcohol: soluble
amyl acetate: moderately soluble
chloroform: soluble
diethyl ether: soluble
ethyl acetate: freely soluble

Featured Industry

Environmental

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria

SMILES string

CC[C@H]1OC(=O)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@H]2C[C@@](C)(OC)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O2)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@@H]3O[C@H](C)C[C@@H]([C@H]3O)N(C)C)[C@](C)(O)C[C@@H](C)C(=O)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@]1(C)O

InChI

1S/C37H67NO13/c1-14-25-37(10,45)30(41)20(4)27(39)18(2)16-35(8,44)32(51-34-28(40)24(38(11)12)15-19(3)47-34)21(5)29(22(6)33(43)49-25)50-26-17-36(9,46-13)31(42)23(7)48-26/h18-26,28-32,34,40-42,44-45H,14-17H2,1-13H3/t18-,19-,20+,21+,22-,23+,24+,25-,26+,28-,29+,30-,31+,32-,34+,35-,36-,37-/m1/s1

InChI key

ULGZDMOVFRHVEP-RWJQBGPGSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: macrolide

Application

Erythromycin is an antibiotic produced by growth of certain strains of Streptomyces erythreus. This product is composed largely of erythromycin A with small amounts of erythromycins B and C and is recommended for concentration at 100 mg/L. Concentrations between 50 and 200 mg/L have also proven effective in controlling bacterial growth. Erythromycin has been used as a motilin receptor agonist, to block respiratory glycoconjugate secretion in human airways in vitro††, and for selecting plasmid-cured and recombinant lactococcus lactis MG1363 strains.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: Erythromycin acts by inhibiting elongation at the transpeptidation step, specifically aminoacyl translocation from the A-site to P-site by binding to the 50s subunit of the bacterial 70s rRNA complex.

Antimicrobial Spectrum: This product acts against both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria.

Packaging

25g

Caution

This product is stable in solution at 37°C for 3 days. Stock solutions should be stored at 2-8°C.

Preparation Note

This product is soluble in water at 2 mg/mL, with a 0.067% solution in water yielding a pH of 8.0-10.5. It is also soluble in ethanol at 50 mg/mL, yielding a clear, colorless to faint yellow solution. It is freely soluble in alcohol, acetone, chloroform, acetonitrile and ethyl acetate but forms salts with acids. All solutions should be protected from light.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

T Peeters et al.
The American journal of physiology, 257(3 Pt 1), G470-G474 (1989-09-01)
Erythromycin A (EMA) is a potent stimulator of gastrointestinal motor activity. In vitro studies suggest that it mimics motilin, a peptide that stimulates motor activity in human and in rabbit via smooth muscle receptors. We have compared the in vitro...
Nicole Wolter et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 51(3), 1092-1095 (2007-01-11)
A rare clinical isolate of Streptococcus pneumoniae, highly resistant to telithromycin, contained erm(B) with a truncated leader peptide and a mutant ribosomal protein L4. By transformation of susceptible strains, this study shows that high-level telithromycin resistance is conferred by erm(B)...
Leena Keurulainen et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 53(21), 7664-7674 (2010-10-12)
Chlamydia pneumoniae is an intracellular bacterium that responds poorly to antibiotic treatment. Insufficient antibiotic usage leads to chronic infection, which is linked to disease processes of asthma, atherosclerosis, and Alzheimer's disease. The Chlamydia research lacks genetic tools exploited by other...
David J Serisier et al.
JAMA, 309(12), 1260-1267 (2013-03-28)
Macrolide antibiotics such as erythromycin may improve clinical outcomes in non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, although associated risks of macrolide resistance are poorly defined. To evaluate the clinical efficacy and antimicrobial resistance cost of low-dose erythromycin given for 12 months to...
Vanessa G Allen et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 55(2), 703-712 (2010-11-26)
Surveillance of gonococcal antimicrobial resistance and the molecular characterization of the mechanisms underlying these resistance phenotypes are essential in order to establish correct empirical therapies, as well as to describe the emergence of new mechanisms in local bacterial populations. To...

Related Content

Inhibition of Protein Synthesis by Antibiotics

Protein synthesis is a complex, multi-step process involving many enzymes as well as conformational alignment. However, the majority of antibiotics that block bacterial protein synthesis interfere with the processes at the 30S subunit or 50S subunit of the 70S bacterial ribosome.

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