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59349

Supelco

Ampicillin

analytical standard

Synonym(s):
D-(−)-α-Aminobenzylpenicillin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H19N3O4S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
349.40
Beilstein:
1090925
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

Quality Level

grade

analytical standard

assay

≥95.0% anhydrous basis (NT)

form

neat

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

application(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

impurities

≤20% water

mp

208 °C (dec.) (lit.)

Featured Industry

Clinical Testing

format

neat

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[H][C@]12SC(C)(C)[C@@H](N1C(=O)[C@H]2NC(=O)[C@H](N)c3ccccc3)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C16H19N3O4S/c1-16(2)11(15(22)23)19-13(21)10(14(19)24-16)18-12(20)9(17)8-6-4-3-5-7-8/h3-7,9-11,14H,17H2,1-2H3,(H,18,20)(H,22,23)/t9-,10-,11+,14-/m1/s1

InChI key

AVKUERGKIZMTKX-NJBDSQKTSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: β-lactam
Ampicillin belongs to the β-lactum group of antibiotics. It is used to treat bacterial infections via penetrating gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Its mode of action basically involves the inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis, thus leading to cell lysis.

Application

Ampicillin has been used as a reference compound in the determination of ampicillin free drug concentration in standard solution of human serum albumin by micellar liquid chromatography method.
Refer to the product′s Certificate of Analysis for more information on a suitable instrument technique. Contact Technical Service for further support.
Ampicillin is a semi-synthetic derivative of penicillin that functions as a broad-spectrum antibiotic. It has been used to study antibiotic resistance and penetration limitations, the synergy between multiple antibiotics, certain bloodstream infections, and has been used to develop PCR assays to detect resistance genes in cerebrospinal fluid.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: Ampicillin is a semisynthetic penicillin and a ß-lactam antibiotic that inhibits bacterial cell-wall synthesis by inactivating transpeptidases on the inner surface of the bacterial cell membrane.

Mode of Resistance: Administration with ß-lactamase cleaves the ß-lactam ring of Ampicillin and inactivates it.

Antimicrobial Spectrum: Effective against both Gram-positive (similar to benzylpenicillin) and Gram-negative bacteria (similar to tetracyclines and chloramphenicol.

Packaging

This product is packaged in a bottomless glass bottle with the contents inside an inserted fused cone.

Caution

This product has been reported stable as supplied at 25°C at 43% and 81% relative humidity for six weeks. Additional studies have shown that the stability of Ampicillin in solution is a function of pH, temperature and the identity of the buffer. It′s activity is quickly lost when stored above pH 7. Optimal storage conditions are suggested as 2-8°C, and pH 3.8-5 where its activity was retained at 90%+ for a week.

Preparation Note

Ampicillin is reported as slightly soluble in water, practically insoluble in alcohol, chloroform, ether and fixed oils but soluble in dilute acids or bases. The solution should not be autoclaved; a stock solution should be sterilized through filtration and stored frozen, where it will be stable for months.

pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

A new application of micellar liquid chromatography in the determination of free ampicillin concentration in the drug?human serum albumin standard solution in comparison with the adsorption
Stepnik KE, et al.
Talanta, 153, 1-7 (2016)
Rapid method for the determination of ampicillin residues in animal muscle tissues by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.
Luo W, et al.
Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Sciences and Applications, 694(2), 401-407 (1997)
Analysis of three penicillin antibiotics (ampicillin, amoxicillin and cloxacillin) of several Iranian pharmaceutical companies by HPLC.
Ashnagar A and Naseri GN
Journal of Chemistry, 4(4), 536-545 (2007)
Arnaud Taton et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(17), e136-e136 (2014-07-31)
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Jens T Van Praet et al.
The EMBO journal, 34(4), 466-474 (2015-01-21)
Antinuclear antibodies are a hallmark feature of generalized autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis. However, the processes underlying the loss of tolerance against nuclear self-constituents remain largely unresolved. Using mice deficient in lymphotoxin and Hox11, we report...

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