911062

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium hydroxide

free-flowing, Redi-Dri, ACS reagent, ≥85%, pellets

Synonym(s):
Caustic potash
Linear Formula:
KOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
56.11
MDL number:

grade

ACS reagent

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 719 °C)

product line

Redi-Dri

assay

≥85%

form

pellets

quality

free-flowing

impurities

≤0.001% N compounds
≤2.0% K2CO3
10-15% water

mp

361 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.01%
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 ppm
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.003%

cation traces

Ca: ≤0.005%
Fe: ≤0.001%
Mg: ≤0.002%
Na: ≤0.05%
Ni: ≤0.001%
heavy metals: ≤0.001% (by ICP-OES)

SMILES string

[OH-].[K+]

InChI

1S/K.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

KWYUFKZDYYNOTN-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic salt mainly used as a precursor to synthesize other potassium compounds such as potassium acetate, potassium bicarbonate and potassium carbonate. On a commercial scale, it is synthesized by the electrolysis of potassium chloride.

Application

Potassium hydroxide may be used in the following processes:
  • Conversion of nitriles to amide in tert-butanol.
  • Cross-coupling of aryl halides with different sulfur-, oxygen- and nitrogen-based nucleophiles in dimethyl sulfoxide.
  • As an activator for the preparation of activated carbons from corn cobs.
  • As a base for the N-alkylation of nitrogen heterocycles in polyethylene glycol-ether solvents.
  • Synthesis of (S)-1-(4-benzyl-2-thioxothiazolidin-3-yl)propan-1-one from (S)-phenylalaninol.
  • To catalyze the polymerization of propylene oxide.
Redi-Dri is an innovative packaging product line that helps eliminate clumping material by adding extra packaging process steps without any chemical additives, anti-clumping agents, or hydrophobic compounds. Redi-Dri offers a more convenient and safer way to handle the products.

Legal Information

Redi-Dri is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

signalword

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

storage_class_code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

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