B5887

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium butyrate

≥98.5% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Butyric acid sodium salt
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2CH2COONa
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
110.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3629439
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic (organic)

assay

≥98.5% (GC)

form

powder

mp

250-253 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: 100 mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

[Na+].CCCC([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C4H8O2.Na/c1-2-3-4(5)6;/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,5,6);/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

MFBOGIVSZKQAPD-UHFFFAOYSA-M

Gene Information

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Application

Sodium butyrate has been used:
  • as a component in homogenization and immunoprecipitation buffer for HDAC inhibition in fly embryos and insect s2 cells.
  • as histone deacetylase inhibitor in breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231, analysed by cell viability assay and viral replication assay.
  • to enhance the production of recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells in a bioreactor.

Packaging

250 mg in glass bottle
1, 5 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Sodium butyrate is a short-chain fatty acid that inhibits histone deacetylase (HDAC) in the millimolar range. Decreases Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. Induces apoptosis in several cell lines. Sodium butyrate induces the production of recombinant protein in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and other human cell lines. Sodium butyrate affects the proteome and gene expression pathways in the cells. It represses cell cycle related genes and modifies the genes involved in cell metabolism and apoptosis.

Caution

Hygroscopic

pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

signalword

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B

storage_class_code

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Na-butyrate sustains energetic states of metabolism and t-PA productivity of CHO cells
McMurray-Beaulieu V, et al.
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 108(2), 160-167 (2009)
Histone deacetylase Rpd3 regulates olfactory projection neuron dendrite targeting via the transcription factor Prospero
Tea JS, et al.
The Journal of Neuroscience, 30(29), 9939-9946 (2010)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors improve the replication of oncolytic herpes simplex virus in breast cancer cells
Cody JJ, et al.
PLoS ONE, 9(3), e92919-e92919 (2014)
Jiangping He et al.
Nature communications, 10(1), 34-34 (2019-01-04)
The majority of mammalian genomes are devoted to transposable elements (TEs). Whilst TEs are increasingly recognized for their important biological functions, they are a potential danger to genomic stability and are carefully regulated by the epigenetic system. However, the full...
Ras Trokovic et al.
Stem cell research, 15(1), 254-262 (2015-06-23)
Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) by the forced expression of the transcription factors OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC. Pluripotent reprogramming appears as a slow and inefficient process because of genetic and epigenetic barriers of...
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