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CN34892

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetonitrile

Preparateur, ≥99.9% (GC), Customized plastic drum

Synonym(s):
Cyanomethane, Methyl cyanide, ACN, Ethyl nitrile
Linear Formula:
CH3CN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
41.05
Beilstein:
741857
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

vapor density

1.41 (vs air)

vapor pressure

72.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.9% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

973 °F

expl. lim.

16 %

impurities

≤0.005% free acid (as CH3COOH)
≤0.02% water (Karl Fischer)
≤1 mg/L non-volatile matter

color

colorless

transmittance

200 nm, >50%
220 nm, >90%

refractive index

n20/D 1.344 (lit.)

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

mp

−45 °C (lit.)

density

0.786 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC#N

InChI

1S/C2H3N/c1-2-3/h1H3

InChI key

WEVYAHXRMPXWCK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Acetonitrile (MeCN), an aliphatic nitrile, is a colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. MeCN has low viscosity, high elution strength and is highly miscible in water. It is widely used as a solvent and intermediate in organic syntheses and is transparent to UV-visible light, making it highly applicable in spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques. It also plays a major role as an extractant medium in liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.

Application

Acetonitrile may be used as solvent in the following processes:
  • Organic synthesis
  • Liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.
  • Spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques.
  • Electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries
  • Determination of pKa values of organic superbases using the isodensity polarization continuum model (IPCM).

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

35.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

2.0 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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