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S7653

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium chloride

BioXtra, ≥99.5% (AT)

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Synonym(s):
Natrium Chloride, Sodium monochloride, Halite, NaCl
Linear Formula:
NaCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
58.44
Beilstein:
3534976
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

product line

BioXtra

Quality Level

Assay

≥99.5% (AT)

form

powder

impurities

filtertest, complies
insoluble matter, complies

pH

5.0-8.0 (20 °C, 1 M in H2O)

mp

801 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 1 M, clear, colorless

density

2.16 g/cm3 at 25 °C (77 °F)

anion traces

bromide (Br-): ≤0.01%
iodide (I-): ≤0.001%
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.0005%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.05%

cation traces

Al: ≤0.0005%
As: ≤0.0001%
Ba: ≤0.0005%
Bi: ≤0.0005%
Ca: ≤0.002%
Cd: ≤0.0005%
Co: ≤0.0005%
Cr: ≤0.0005%
Cu: ≤0.0005%
Fe: ≤0.0001%
K: ≤0.005%
Li: ≤0.0005%
Mg: ≤0.0005%
Mn: ≤0.0005%
Mo: ≤0.0005%
Ni: ≤0.0005%
Pb: ≤0.0005%
Sr: ≤0.0005%
Zn: ≤0.0005%

absorption

≤0.01 at 260
≤0.01 at 280 in H2O at 1 M

λ

(260 nm Amax: ≤ 0.01)

SMILES string

[Na+].[Cl-]

InChI

1S/ClH.Na/h1H;/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

FAPWRFPIFSIZLT-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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Sodium chloride BioXtra, ≥99.5% (AT)

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Sodium chloride BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (AT)

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Premium Grade
form

powder

form

powder or crystals

form

powder

form

solid

impurities

filtertest, complies, insoluble matter, complies

impurities

endotoxin, tested

impurities

-

impurities

DNases, none detected, RNases, none detected, insoluble matter, passes filter test, phosphatases, none detected, proteases, none detected, ≤0.001% total nitrogen (N)

pH

5.0-8.0 (20 °C, 1 M in H2O)

pH

7

pH

7

pH

5.0-8.0 (25 °C, 1 M in H2O)

mp

801 °C (lit.)

mp

801 °C (lit.)

mp

801 °C (lit.)

mp

801 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 1 M, clear, colorless

solubility

water: soluble 100 mg/mL, clear, colorless

solubility

-

solubility

H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

General description

Sodium chloride, also known as halite salt, is one of nature′s most common minerals. It is a known electrolyte that maintains cellular integrity and homeostasis by controlling osmotic pressure and water balance. Sodium chloride is widely used in the food industry as food additive and preservative due to its antimicrobial property. It is added to laboratory buffers to increase their ionic strength. NaCl also finds application in the extraction of DNA. Sodium and Chloride are major electrolytes in biological functions.

Application

Sodium chloride has been used to:
  • Prepare PBS (Phosphate-buffered saline) solution.
  • in pre-treatment of tracheal cartilage tissue samples before decellularization.
  • As a component of trypticase soy agar medium to culture bacteria.
  • Prepare lysis buffer.
It is also used for regulation of acid-base equilibrium of body fluids along with sodium bicarbonate.

Features and Benefits

Tested for trace elemental impurities to ensure high purity.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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