U1250

Sigma-Aldrich

Urea

ReagentPlus®, ≥99.5%, pellets

Synonym(s):
Carbonyldiamide, Carbamide
Linear Formula:
NH2CONH2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
60.06
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
635724
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99.5%

form

pellets

mp

132-135 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 8 M

density

1.335 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

NC(N)=O

InChI

1S/CH4N2O/c2-1(3)4/h(H4,2,3,4)

InChI key

XSQUKJJJFZCRTK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Urea is a chaotropic agent and is used for protein denaturation. It disturbs the hydrogen bonds in the secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins. Urea can also disturb hydrogen bonds present in DNA secondary structure.

Application

Urea has been used as a protein denaturing agent.
Used for the denaturation of proteins and as a mild solubilization agent for insoluble or denatured proteins. Useful for renaturing proteins from samples already denatured with 6 M guanidine chloride such as inclusion bodies. May be used with guanidine hydrochloride and dithiothreitrol (DTT) in the refolding of denatured proteins into their native or active form.

Packaging

1 kg in poly bottle
5 kg in poly drum

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protein carbonyl determination by a rhodamine B hydrazide-based fluorometric assay.
Georgiou C D, et al.
Redox Biology, 17, 236-245 (2018)
Protein and cell wall polysaccharide carbonyl determination by a neutral pH 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine-based photometric assay.
Georgiou C D, et al.
Redox Biology, 17, 128-142 (2018)
Sheehan D.
Physical Biochemistry: Principles and Applications (2013)
Marco Benevento et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5613-5613 (2014-12-11)
The ectopic expression of Oct4, Klf4, c-Myc and Sox2 (OKMS) transcription factors allows reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). The reprogramming process, which involves a complex network of molecular events, is not yet fully characterized. Here...
Annette Bahlinger et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 53(33), 8779-8783 (2014-03-20)
β-Amino thioesters are important natural building blocks for the synthesis of numerous bioactive molecules. An organocatalyzed Mannich reaction was developed which provides direct and highly stereoselective access to acyclic β(2)- and β(2,3,3)-amino thioesters with adjacent tertiary and quaternary stereocenters. Mechanistic...
Articles
Proteinase K (EC 3.4.21.64) activity can be measured spectrophotometrically using hemoglobin as the substrate. Proteinase K hydrolyzes hemoglobin denatured with urea, and liberates Folin-postive amino acids and peptides. One unit will hydrolyze hemoglobin to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmol of tyrosine per minute at pH 7.5 at 37 °C (color by Folin & Ciocalteu's Phenol Reagent).
Read More
Protocols
To standardize a procedure for the enzymatic assay of Urease, from Jack Beans
Read More

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service