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221295

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium nitrate

ACS reagent, ≥99.0%

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
KNO3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
101.10
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

assay

≥99.0%

form

crystals

impurities

≤0.005% insolubles

pH

4.5-8.5 (25 °C, 5%)

mp

334 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.002%
iodate (IO3-): ≤5 ppm
nitrite (NO2-): ≤0.001
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 ppm
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.003%

cation traces

Ca: ≤0.005%
Fe: ≤3 ppm
Mg: ≤0.002%
Na: ≤0.005%
heavy metals: ≤5 ppm (by ICP-OES)

SMILES string

[K+].[O-][N+]([O-])=O

InChI

1S/K.NO3/c;2-1(3)4/q+1;-1

InChI key

FGIUAXJPYTZDNR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Potassium nitrate is a water-soluble inorganic salt that is commonly used as nitrogen fertilizer. It is also found in toothpastes as a desensitizer for tooth hypersensitivity. The addition of KNO3 to growth medium has shown to promote growth in salt stressed melon plants.

Application

Potassium nitrate may be used in the synthesis of 5-bromo-8-nitroisoquinoline via bromination of isoquinoline using N-bromosuccinimide.

Packaging

2.5 kg in poly bottle
12 kg in fiber drum
100, 500 g in poly bottle

pictograms

Flame over circle

signalword

Warning

hcodes

pcodes

Hazard Classifications

Ox. Sol. 3

Storage Class Code

5.1B - Oxidizing hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Response of vesicular-arbuscular endomycorrhizal sweetgum seedlings to three nitrogen fertilizers.
Brown RW, et al.
Forest Science, 27(2), 413-420 (1981)
Improved salt tolerance of melon (Cucumis melo L.) by the addition of proline and potassium nitrate.
Kaya C, et al.
Environmental and Experimental Botany, 60(3), 397-403 (2007)
Potassium nitrate toothpaste for dentine hypersensitivity
Poulsen S, et al.
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online), 2, D001476-D001476 (2001)
Synthesis of 5-Bromoisoquinoline and 5-Bromo-8-nitroisoquinoline.
Organic Syntheses, 98-104 (2005)
A superior desensitizer--potassium nitrate.
M Hodosh
Journal of the American Dental Association (1939), 88(4), 831-832 (1974-04-01)

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