30603

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium hydroxide

pellets, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥85%

Synonym(s):
Caustic potash
Linear Formula:
KOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
56.11
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
38100303
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

Agency/Method

USP/NF
reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 719 °C)

assay

≥85%

form

pellets

impurities

≤2.0% K2CO3

pH

~13.5 (25 °C, 5.6 g/L)

mp

361 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.02%
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.01%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.02%

cation traces

Al: ≤0.001%
Ca: ≤0.001%
Fe: ≤0.001%
Na: ≤1.0%
Ni: ≤0.0005%

SMILES string

[OH-].[K+]

InChI

1S/K.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

KWYUFKZDYYNOTN-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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Packaging

This product is also available in glass bottles.

pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

signalword

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

storage_class_code

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Yuewang Huang et al.
Optics express, 23(5), 6780-6786 (2015-04-04)
We demonstrate a novel technique to fabricate sub-micron silicon nitride waveguides using conventional contact lithography with MEMS-grade photomasks. Potassium hydroxide anisotropic etching of silicon facilitates line reduction and roughness smoothing and is key to the technique. The fabricated waveguides is...
Saeid Baroutian et al.
Bioresource technology, 102(2), 1095-1102 (2010-10-05)
In this study, a novel continuous reactor has been developed to produce high quality methyl esters (biodiesel) from palm oil. A microporous TiO2/Al2O3 membrane was packed with potassium hydroxide catalyst supported on palm shell activated carbon. The central composite design...
Kinetics of palm oil transesterification in a batch reactor.
Darnoko D and Cheryan M.
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 77(12), 1263-1267 (2000)
Ji-Tai Li et al.
Ultrasonics sonochemistry, 9(5), 237-239 (2002-10-10)
Claisen-Schmidt condensation of acetophenone with aromatic aldehydes catalyzed by pulverized KOH and KF-Al2O3 results chalcones in 52-97% and 83-98% yields respectively in alcoholic solvent under ultrasound irradiation.
Rokas Drevinskas et al.
Optics express, 23(2), 1428-1437 (2015-04-04)
Surface texturing is demonstrated by the combination of wet etching and ultrafast laser nanostructuring of silica glass. Using potassium hydroxide (KOH) at room temperature as an etchant of laser modified glass, we show the polarization dependent linear increase in retardance...

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