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34869

Sigma-Aldrich

Dimethyl sulfoxide

suitable for HPLC, ≥99.7%

Synonym(s):
DMSO
Linear Formula:
(CH3)2SO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein:
506008
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

vapor density

2.7 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.7%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

573 °F

expl. lim.

42 %, 63 °F

application(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

≤0.002% non-volatile matter
≤0.2% water (Karl Fischer)

transmittance

270 nm, ≥20%
280 nm, ≥50%
300 nm, ≥80%
350 nm, ≥98%

refractive index

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

mp

16-19 °C (lit.)

density

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

Featured Industry

Food and Beverages

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a polar organic solvent. DMSO activated by various electrophiles (oxalyl chloride) has been used to oxidize various alcohols (primary, secondary, allylic, benzylic, hindered and bicyclic). Carbonyl compounds are formed as reaction products. Due to its higher stability, it has been proposed as an alternate solvent for methyl cellosolve for use in ninhydrin reaction.

Application

Suitable for HPLC, spectrophotometry, environmental testing

Packaging

50 L in composite drum
100, 12×100, 500 mL in glass bottle
1, 6×1, 2, 4×2, 4×4 L in glass bottle
20 L in Nowpak™

Caution

Supercools easily and remelts slowly at room temperature. Solidified product can be re-liquified by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

Other Notes

For information on dimethyl sulfoxide miscibility, please visit the following link:
Dimethyl Sulfoxide Miscibility/Immiscibility Table
Important notice
  • The article number 34869-4X2.5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 34869-2.5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
  • The article number 34869-6X1L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 34869-1L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

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Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

188.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point C

87 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. What is the molarity of DMSO?

    DMSO will have a molarity of 14.1M, based on a density of 1.1 g/mL and a molecular weight of 78.13 g/mol.

  2. What is the DMSO dissolved in?

    DMSO is not dissolved in any solvent. It is a pure chemical compound that is a liquid at room temperature.

  3. Where does DMSO come from?

    DMSO is known to have been isolated from tree bark in the past. It is now a commericially synthesized solvent.

  4. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  5. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) should be a liquid.  Why did it arrive as a solid?

    DMSO supercools easily, and re-melts slowly at room temperature. The melting point is 16-19 °C. The solidified product can be re-liquefied by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

  6. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  7. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  8. Is Dimethyl sulfoxide a sterile product?

    No, this product is not considered sterile.  Product Nos. D2560 and D2438 are sterile-filtered.

  9. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  10. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

A RAPID PERMETHYLATION OF GLYCOLIPID, AND POLYSACCHARIDE CATALYZED BY METHYLSULFINYL CARBANION IN DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE.
S HAKOMORI
Journal of biochemistry, 55, 205-208 (1964-02-01)
Oxidation of alcohols by ?activated? dimethyl sulfoxide. A preparative, steric and mechanistic study.
Omura K and Swern D.
Tetrahedron, 34(11), 1651-1660 (1978)
Amino acid analysis: aqueous dimethyl sulfoxide as solvent for the ninhydrin reaction.
S Moore
The Journal of biological chemistry, 243(23), 6281-6283 (1968-12-10)
Björn Zörner et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 6), 1716-1732 (2014-04-17)
Anatomical plasticity such as fibre growth and the formation of new connections in the cortex and spinal cord is one known mechanism mediating functional recovery after damage to the central nervous system. Little is known about anatomical plasticity in the...
Mulmudi Hemant Kumar et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 26(41), 7122-7127 (2014-09-13)
Lead free perovskite solar cells based on a CsSnI3 light absorber with a spectral response from 950 nm is demonstrated. The high photocurrents noted in the system are a consequence of SnF2 addition which reduces defect concentrations and hence the...

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