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34958

Sigma-Aldrich

1-Chlorobutane

suitable for HPLC, ≥99.8%

Synonym(s):
Butyl chloride
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)3Cl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.57
Beilstein:
1730909
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.04

Quality Level

vapor density

3.2 (vs air)

vapor pressure

80.1 mmHg ( 78.4 °C)

assay

≥99.8%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

860 °F

expl. lim.

10.1 %

application(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

≤0.0002% free alkali (as NH3)
≤0.001% free acid (as HCl)
≤0.001% non-volatile matter
≤0.01% water (Karl Fischer)

transmittance

230 nm, ≥65%
240 nm, ≥95%
250 nm, ≥98%

refractive index

n20/D 1.402 (lit.)

bp

77-78 °C (lit.)

mp

−123 °C (lit.)

density

0.886 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Featured Industry

Food and Beverages

SMILES string

CCCCCl

InChI

1S/C4H9Cl/c1-2-3-4-5/h2-4H2,1H3

InChI key

VFWCMGCRMGJXDK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

1-Chlorobutane is an alkyl halide. It undergoes reaction with nanocrystalline MgO at 200-350°C to afford butane isomers and MgCl2, via dehydrochlorination.

Application

1-Chlorobutane may be used in the synthesis of ionic liquids, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate ([Bmim]+[HSO4]-) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium dihydrogen phosphate ([Bmim]+[H2PO4]-).

Packaging

1, 2, 4×4 L in glass bottle

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pictograms

FlameHealth hazard

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point F

10.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point C

-12 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Mannich reaction using acidic ionic liquids as catalysts and solvents.
Zhao G, et al.
Green Chemistry, 6(2), 75-77 (2004)
Changes in texture and catalytic activity of nanocrystalline MgO during its transformation to MgCl2 in the reaction with 1-chlorobutane.
Fenelonov VB, et al.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 105(18), 3937-3941 (2001)
Hazel M Rivera et al.
European journal of mass spectrometry (Chichester, England), 9(6), 599-607 (2004-04-22)
A sensitive and selective high-performance liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/APCI-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous detection of 18 benzodiazepines and metabolites in human blood is described. The procedure utilises butyl chloride extraction at alkaline pH followed by...
Benjamin Erable et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 86(1), 47-54 (2004-03-10)
Biofiltration of air polluted by volatile organic compounds is now recognized by the industrial and research communities as an effective and viable alternative to standard environmental technologies. Whereas many studies have focused on solid/liquid/gas biofilters, there have been fewer reports...
D E Moody et al.
Journal of analytical toxicology, 19(6), 343-351 (1995-10-01)
l-alpha-Acetylmethadol (LAAM) is approved as a substitute for methadone for the treatment of opiate addiction. Analytical methods are needed to quantitate LAAM and its two psychoactive metabolites, norLAAM and dinorLAAM, to support pharmacokinetic and other studies. We developed a gas...

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