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Phosphoric acid

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ACS reagent, ≥85 wt. % in H2O

Orthophosphoric acid
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


ACS reagent

vapor density

3.4 (vs air)

vapor pressure

2.2 mmHg ( 20 °C)
5 mmHg ( 25 °C)


≥85% (with NaOH, titration)



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≥85 wt. % in H2O


NMR: suitable


Reducing substances, passes test
≤0.001% volatile acids (as CH3COOH)


APHA: ≤10


158 °C (lit.)


~40 °C (lit.)


1.685 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤3 ppm
nitrate (NO3-): ≤5 ppm
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.003%

cation traces

As: ≤1 ppm
Ca: ≤0.002%
Fe: ≤0.003%
K: ≤0.005%
Mg: ≤0.02%
Mn: ≤0.5 ppm
Na: ≤0.025%
Sb: ≤0.002%
heavy metals: ≤0.001% (by ICP)

greener alternative category


SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

human ... SRC(6714)

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General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Greener Chemistry. This product has been enhanced for energy efficiency. Find details here.
Phosphoric acid (H3PO4), also known as orthophosphoric acid, is an inorganic acid. It has a wide range of industrial applications such as an intermediate to produce animal feedstock, to prepare stock solutions for workup procedures and to treat the metal surfaces for better adhesion of paint and resin coatings. In the food industry it is used as a preservative, an acidulant and flavor enhancer.


Phosphoric acid may be employed as standard for the determination of phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) chemical shifts of the common phospholipids. It may be employed in the following studies:
  • As external standard for the analysis of lipid composition of human white matter by 31P NMR spectroscopy.
  • As external standard during the acid-labile phosphorylation of histone H4 by 31P NMR spectroscopy.
  • As reference standard to investigate the surface species present on silica/alumina-supported sodium phosphates by pre- and postreaction MAS31P-NMR and FTIR spectroscopies.
  • As catalyst in the vapor-phase Fries rearrangement of phenylacetate at 623K over a series of surface modified and unmodified ZSM-5.
  • As an eco-friendly reagent for the removal of protecting groups like tert-butyl carbamates, tert-butyl esters and tert-butyl ethers.


500, 6×500 mL in PVC-coated bottle
2.5, 6×2.5 L in PVC-coated bottle

Other Notes

Concentrated phosphoric acid is approx. 85% H3PO4 (aqueous).


CorrosionExclamation mark

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Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class Code

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Aqueous phosphoric acid as a mild reagent for deprotection of tert-butyl carbamates, esters, and ethers.
Li B, et al.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 71(24), 9045-9050 (2006)
Myers RL.
The 100 Most Important Chemical Compounds: A Reference Guide, 220-220 (2007)
A simple method of increasing the adhesion of acrylic filling materials to enamel surfaces.
Buonocore MG.
Journal of Dental Research, 34(6), 849-853 (1955)
FTIR and 31 P-NMR spectroscopic analyses of surface species in phosphate-catalyzed lactic acid conversion.
Gunter GC, et al.
J. Catal., 164(1), 207-219 (1996)
J M Fujitaki et al.
Biochemistry, 20(12), 3658-3664 (1981-06-09)
Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) is used to investigate acid-labile phosphorylation of histone H4. 31P NMR detects phosphorylated histidine residues in in vitro enzymatically phosphorylated H4. The source of kinase is nuclei from either regenerating rat liver or Walker-256

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