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484024

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium hydroxide

reagent grade, 97%, flakes

Synonym(s):
‘Caustic soda’
Linear Formula:
NaOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
40.00
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

reagent grade

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C)
3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

assay

97%

form

flakes

application(s)

titration: suitable

mp

318 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 1260 g/L at 20 °C

density

2.13 g/cm3

SMILES string

[OH-].[Na+]

InChI

1S/Na.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Sodium hydroxide also known as caustic soda is a water soluble base with a wide range of industrial applications. Purification of diatomite with NaOH enhances its ability to adsorb basic dyes. NaOH when coupled with thermal desorption is reported to improve the degradation of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) in PCB contaminated soil. The efficiency of the aqueous solution of sodium citrate (Na3Ci) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to dissolve SO2 has been investigated.

Application

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) has been used to trap the hydrogen bromide gas released during the photo-bromination of 4-nitro-o-xylene.
It may be used in the following processes:
  • Boehm′s titration
  • dissolution testing
  • pH adjustment during the silver nanoparticles synthesis

Packaging

1 kg in poly bottle
10, 25 kg in poly drum

pictograms

Corrosion

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Kinetics and equilibrium studies from the methylene blue adsorption on diatomite treated with sodium hydroxide.
Zhang J, et al.
Applied Clay Science, 83, 12-16 (2013)
Solubility of SO2 in aqueous blend of sodium citrate and sodium hydroxide.
Mondal MK, et al.
Fluid Phase Equilibria, 349, 56-60 (2013)
Ravindra S Dhumal et al.
Acta pharmaceutica (Zagreb, Croatia), 56(4), 451-461 (2006-12-01)
The study investigates ibuprofen with wax-like properties as a multifunctional agent (as an active component and as a melt binder). Binding efficiency was compared with granules prepared by wet granulation using polyvinylpyrollidone (PVP K-30) as a binder for micromeritic, physical...
Fuat Güzel et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 153(3), 1275-1287 (2007-11-06)
In this study, the effect of temperature on the adsorption of Mn(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Cu(II) from aqueous solution by modified carrot residues (MCR) was investigated. The equilibrium contact times of adsorption process for each heavy metals-MCR systems were determined....
Synthesis of single crystal hollow silver nanoparticles in a fast reaction-diffusion process.
Ben MA and Markovich G.
Chemistry of Materials, 23(5), 1239-1245 (2011)

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