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676780

Sigma-Aldrich

Methanol

ACS reagent, ≥99.8%

Synonym(s):
Methyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.04
Beilstein:
1098229
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.05

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C)
97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

725 °F

expl. lim.

36 %

application(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

H2SO4, passes test (darkened)
MnO4- reducers, passes test
≤0.0002 meq/g Titr. base
≤0.0003 meq/g Titr. acid
≤0.001% acetaldehyde
≤0.001% acetone
≤0.001% formaldehyde
≤0.1% Water

evapn. residue

≤0.001%

color

clear
APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.329 (lit.)

bp

64.7 °C (lit.)

mp

−98 °C (lit.)

solubility

benzene: miscible(lit.)
ethanol: miscible(lit.)
water: miscible(lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CO

InChI

1S/CH4O/c1-2/h2H,1H3

InChI key

OKKJLVBELUTLKV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Methanol (MeOH) is an organic solvent with a wide range of industrial applications. It is the main component of lithium batteries. It can be prepared by hydrogenation of CO2 under various conditions. MeOH is a toxic alcohol employed for denaturing ethyl alcohol. A study reports the preparation of biodiesel from canola oil using methanol under supercritical conditions.
Methanol is an alcohol. Its thermochemical conversion to C2-C10 hydrocarbons in the presence of shape-selective zeolites has been reported. Its oxidation on Ru-Pt catalyst system by ruthenium ad-atoms has been proposed.

Application

Methanol may be used for the sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic (SDS-PAGE) analysis of alkaline protease isoforms isolated from larva of the spotted sand bass (Paralabrax maculatofasciatus). It may be used in the isolation and quantitative determination of carotenes and xanthophylls from Capsicum annum pericarp extracts by HPLC.
Methanol has been used during colony-forming unit (CFU) assay and histochemical staining.
Methanol may be used as:
  • A solvent for cleaning the coverslips before silanization for DNA combing.
  • An additive to improve the octane number of gasoline.
  • A liquid fuel in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs).
  • A solvent to synthesize methyl levulinate by acid catalyzed conversion of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfuryl alcohol (FA).
  • A reactant to prepare dimethylcarbonate by reacting with CO2 in the presence of graphene oxide-bound octahedral molybdenum cluster (GO-Cs2Mo6Bri8Bra6).

Packaging

1, 4, 4×4 L in aluminum bottle

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 1

Target Organs

Eyes

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point F

49.5 °F - closed cup

Flash Point C

9.7 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Subodh Kumar et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 21(8), 3488-3494 (2014-12-30)
The octahedral molybdenum cluster-based compound, Cs2 Mo6 Br(i) 8 Br(a) 6 was immobilized on graphene oxide (GO) by using a facile approach. High resolution transmission electron microscopy results revealed that molybdenum clusters were uniformly distributed on the GO nanosheets. Cs2...
Sedat Odabas et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 1109, 47-63 (2014-01-30)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have drawn great interest in the field of regenerative medicine, for cell replacement, immunomodulatory, and gene therapies. It has been shown that these multipotent stromal cells can be isolated from tissues such as bone marrow, adipose...
Upgrading biomass-derived furans via acid-catalysis/hydrogenation: the remarkable difference between water and methanol as the solvent.
Hu X, et al.
Green Chemistry, 17(1), 219-224 (2015)
Silanization of coverslips for DNA combing.
Labit H, et al.
Biotechniques, 11, 50-50 (2009)
Octane Rating of Gasoline and Octane Booster Additives.
Demirbas A, et al.
Petroleum Science and Technology, 33(11), 1190-1197 (2015)

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