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71690

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium hydroxide

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, K ≤0.02%, ≥98.0% (T), pellets

Synonym(s):
‘Caustic soda’
Linear Formula:
NaOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
40.00
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<18 mmHg ( 20 °C)
3 mmHg ( 37 °C)

assay

≥98.0% (T)

form

pellets

application(s)

cell culture | plant: suitable

impurities

≤0.0003% total nitrogen (N)
≤0.0005% silicon dioxide (SiO2)
≤1.0% sodium carbonate (Na2CO3)

mp

318 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 1,260 g/L at 20 °C

density

2.13 g/cm3 at 20 °C

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤10 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Ag: ≤5 mg/kg
Al: ≤5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
Hg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤200 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Tl: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

[OH-].[Na+]

InChI

1S/Na.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is an inorganic base. It participates in the oxidation of glycerol catalyzed by Au/charcoal or Au/graphite. It also participates in solvent-free aldol condensation reaction.

Application

Sodium hydroxide may be employed for the direct oxidation of sodium borohydride, which was investigated by cyclic and linear voltammetry, chronoamperometry and chronopotentiometry. It may be used to compose citrate buffer and borate buffers.
It may be used in the synthesis of following compounds:
  • alkylaryl amidosulfobetaines
  • (3-[ 4-teroctylphenoxyethoxyethoxyethyl] dimethylammonio propane sulfonate (XOSB)
  • trisulfobetaines (TriSBn)

Packaging

500 g in poly bottle
1, 5 kg in poly bottle

Other Notes

Reagent for the decomposition of silicates by fusion

pictograms

Corrosion

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Z. Sulcek et al.
Methods of Decomposition in Inorganic Analysis (1989)
R. Bock
Aufschlussmethoden der anorg. & org. Chemie (1972)
M A Roberts et al.
Analytical chemistry, 69(11), 2035-2042 (1997-06-01)
This report describes a UV laser photoablation method for the production of miniaturized liquid-handling systems on polymer substrate chips. The fabrication of fluid channel and reservoir networks is accomplished by firing 200 mJ pulses from an UV excimer laser at...
Chemoselective, solvent-free aldol condensation reaction.
Raston CL and Scott JL.
Green Chemistry, 2(2), 49-52 (2000)
Kinetics of sodium borohydride direct oxidation and oxygen reduction in sodium hydroxide electrolyte: Part I. BH4- electro-oxidation on Au and Ag catalysts.
Chatenet M, et al.
Electrochimica Acta, 51(25), 5459-5467 (2006)

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