Merck
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01810

Sigma-Aldrich

Cycloheximide

≥95% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
Actidione, 3-[2-(3,5-Dimethyl-2-oxocyclohexyl)-2-hydroxyethyl]glutarimide, Naramycin A
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C15H23NO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
281.35
Beilstein:
88868
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.85

Quality Level

biological source

microbial

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

powder or crystals

color

white to light beige

mp

110-120 °C

antibiotic activity spectrum

fungi
yeast

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

InChI

1S/C15H23NO4/c1-8-3-9(2)15(20)11(4-8)12(17)5-10-6-13(18)16-14(19)7-10/h8-12,17H,3-7H2,1-2H3,(H,16,18,19)/t8-,9-,11-,12+/m0/s1

InChI key

YPHMISFOHDHNIV-FSZOTQKASA-N

Gene Information

Related Categories

Application

Cyclohexamide (CHX) is widely used for selection of CHX-resistant strains of yeast and fungi, controlled inhibition of protein synthesis for detection of short-lived proteins, super-induction of protein expression, and apoptosis induction or facilitation of apoptosis induction by death receptors. It has been shown to selectively clear macrophages in atherosclerotic plaques, activate cumulus-free equine oocytes, and to have neuroprotective properties.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cycloheximide (CHX) is an antibiotic produced by Strptomyces sp.. Its main biological activity is translation inhibition in eukaryotes resulting in cell growth arrest and cell death. CHX is widely used for selection of CHX-resistant strains of yeast and fungi, controlled inhibition of protein synthesis for detection of short-lived proteins and super-induction of protein expression, and apoptosis induction or facilitation of apoptosis induction by death receptors.
Cyclohexamide inhibits protein biosynthesis in eukaryotic cells by binding with the 80S ribosome.

Packaging

1G, 5G

Other Notes

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities. Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Muta. 2 - Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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