Merck
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02370

Sigma-Aldrich

Propyl gallate

for microscopy, ≥98.0% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester
Linear Formula:
3,4,5-(HO)3C6H2CO2CH2CH2CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
212.20
Beilstein:
1877976
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39024506
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.47

Quality Level

grade

for microscopy

assay

≥98.0% (HPLC)

form

powder

pH range

5.7-6.3

mp

146-149 °C (lit.)

density

1.21 g/cm3

application(s)

diagnostic assay manufacturing
hematology
histology

SMILES string

CCCOC(=O)c1cc(O)c(O)c(O)c1

InChI

1S/C10H12O5/c1-2-3-15-10(14)6-4-7(11)9(13)8(12)5-6/h4-5,11-13H,2-3H2,1H3

InChI key

ZTHYODDOHIVTJV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Propyl gallate is used as an anti-fade reagent in fluorescence microscopy to reduce photobleaching of fluorescent probes.
Used as an anti-fade reagent in fluorescence microscopy to reduce photobleaching of fluorescent probes such as rhodamine and fluorescein.

Biochem/physiol Actions

An antioxidant that exhibits antimicrobial activity. Propyl gallate has been reported to be an effective antioxidant-based hepatoprotector, both in vitro and in vivo. It has also been shown to prevent neuronal apoptosis and block the death of neurons exposed to FeSO4/GA as well as partially protect endothelial cells against TNF-induced apoptosis.
An antioxidant that exhibits antimicrobial activity. Propyl gallate has been reported to be an effective antioxidant-based hepatoprotector, both in vitro and in vivo. It has also been shown to prevent neuronal apoptosis and block the death of neurons exposed to FeSO4/GA as well as partially protect endothelial cells against TNF-induced apoptosis. However, propyl gallate induced single strand breaks in DNA at concentrations higher than 0.25 μM when it was combined with copper concentrations at 5 μM and above. Another report, however, found that incubation of isolated rat hepatocytes with propyl gallate at concentrations of >1 mM induced cell killing, whereas, a lower concentration of propyl gallate > 0.5 mM resulted in a ladder formation of soluble low-molecular weight DNA fragments, characteristic of apoptosis.

Reconstitution

Prepare a 0.1M solution in glycerol:PBS (9:1)

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

368.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

187 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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